With NIH support, scientists across the United States and around the world conduct wide-ranging research to discover ways to enhance health, lengthen life, and reduce illness and disability.
Updates to six key areas of asthma care focus on improving diagnosis, management and treatment.
The American Heart Association’s signature women’s initiative, Go Red for Women®, calls for coordinated efforts to do more.
Drawings of headache pain provide plastic surgeons with valuable information on which patients are more or less likely to benefit from surgery to alleviate migraine headaches.
FDA continues to find issues with certain hand sanitizer products.
When you protect your skin from the sun, you reduce your risk of developing skin cancer and early skin aging. Discover the role that sunscreen plays in protecting your skin and what else helps to keep you safe.
Scientists have developed a new test that can help identify people who are likely to develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common form of liver cancer.
The American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) leads the specialty's medical professionals in navigating their practices' recovery plans.
Variability in sleep duration and timing may represent new and independent heart disease risk factor.
Protect yourself and your community from getting and spreading respiratory illnesses like coronavirus disease 2019.
Many of the symptoms of colorectal cancer can also be caused by something that isn’t cancer. Still, if you have any of these problems, it is a sign that you should go to the doctor so the cause can be found and treated.
Some people are early risers, wide awake at the crack of dawn. Others are night owls who can’t seem to get to bed until well after midnight and prefer to sleep in. Why is this?
After an injury or surgery, an exercise conditioning program will help you return to daily activities and enjoy a more active, healthy lifestyle.
Stress can cause hair to gray prematurely by affecting the stem cells that are responsible for regenerating hair pigment.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Palforzia to mitigate allergic reactions that may occur with accidental exposure to peanuts.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is closely monitoring an outbreak of respiratory illness caused by a novel (new) coronavirus.
Help is available.
Age-related changes to the cartilaginous tissue of the spine could invite painful nerve growth, say researchers.
You may not know that just being really cold can make you very sick.
NIH-funded research examined suicide and overdose risk in the year after an emergency department visit.
Does when you eat matter?
According to two new studies, regular fasting is associated with lower rates of heart failure and a longer life span.
Millions of Americans have a substance use disorder. Help is available.
CDC is investigating a multistate outbreak of lung injury associated with use of e-cigarette, or vaping, products.
Authors say patients need complete information to make informed decisions about care.
Servicemen and women oftentimes face unique challenges when leaving active duty and readjusting to civilian life.
Each winter, millions of people suffer from seasonal flu.
As American’s bone health declines, patients encouraged to understand, prevent and manage the risks to reduce fractures and associated complications.
BU researchers discover a strong link between time of football play and rising chance of getting the disease.
A study suggests that millions of U.S. adults may take a daily aspirin for cardiovascular disease prevention without any clear benefit.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are working to investigate the incidents of severe respiratory illness associated with use of vaping products.
Pregnant women who are exposed to higher air pollution levels during their second pregnancy, compared to their first one, may be at greater risk of preterm birth.
Researchers to use psychedelics to study the mind and identify therapies for diseases such as addiction, PTSD and Alzheimer’s.
Stakeholder, public feedback to help shape potential enhancements to the Overall Star Ratings on Hospital Compare in 2021.
Q&A with Fabio Triolo, DdR, PhD
50% of treatments could have been avoided using new tool, UCLA-led study finds.
NIH-supported research calls for well-defined standards for infants between 6 months and 1 year.
Study will enroll men who have sex with men and transgender people; complementary study in women is ongoing.
As the public gets better educated and the effects of long-term opioid abuse are shown on the news, the tide has shifted toward more responsible use and prescribing of these powerful medications.
To hear directly from patients about the impact of the disease on their lives, the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF) announces the launch of the Healthy Bones for Life™ Patient Registry.
Just as women can turn to a suite of procedures, known as the "Mommy Makeover," more men are embracing their own set of treatments, the "Daddy-Do-Over."
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General is alerting the public about a fraud scheme involving genetic testing.
Eliminating light while sleeping could reduce obesity.
Obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol more prevalent among irregular sleepers.
Escaping to an overseas retreat this summer? Learn how to stay healthy and safe.
Survival rates decline every year for patients with undiagnosed gum cancer, according to a new study.
A team of scientists at Vanderbilt University have identified 104 high-risk genes for schizophrenia.
A phone-based physical rehabilitation program improved function and reduced pain for people with advanced cancer.
Top things people need to know about measles.
A national study has found that a form of brain imaging that detects Alzheimer’s-related “plaques” significantly influenced clinical management of patients with mild cognitive impairment and dementia.
The University of Minnesota recently tested a medical device that could transform the quality of life for people with spinal-cord injuries.
Johns Hopkins researchers say the link between caregiving and detrimental effects on immune system has been overstated and the association is extremely small.
The blue light that’s emitted from screens can delay the release of sleep-inducing melatonin, increase alertness, and reset the body’s internal clock to a later schedule.
Ziva Cooper will direct interdisciplinary teams of scholars with specialties in medicine, public health, policy, science and law.
Action completes a series of actions on the FDA’s review of OTC antiseptic active ingredients.
Health, substance use professionals must work together to thwart public health crisis.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Zulresso injection for intravenous use for the treatment of postpartum depression in adult women.
Tests used to guide treatment for mouth cancers can reveal two or more significant chronic health conditions.
Less than half of physicians conduct cognitive assessment as standard protocol for seniors.
Recent research has linked sleep deficiency and certain sleep disorders to an increased risk of heart disease and other health conditions.
Getting rid of built up dust and mold can ease allergy symptoms.
USC study indicates periodic low-calorie diet could help patients with inflammatory bowel disease: A clinical trial shows reduction of inflammation.
“We need you to make sure the arthritis patient voice is heard at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)!” affirmed Suz Schrandt, the Arthritis Foundation’s director of patient engagement, in a patients’ call to action.
The study, published in the journal Gastroenterology, involved sifting through the genomes of thousands of tumors, sampled from all over the world.
4.9 million middle and high school students used tobacco products in 2018.
NIH scientists use epigenetics to help predict disease development.
Protect yourself from heart attack and stroke.
Strokes do not discriminate by age.
The goal of these papers is to describe evidence that will support creating a cancer control plan for the United States and putting the plan into action.
These estimates are cumulative and will be updated over the course of the annual flu season on Fridays.
Model could help hospitals better identify and aid youth at risk for suicide.
Experts deepen understanding of gut microbiome and other digestive diseases.
Pharmacy refill data helps identify nonadherent chronic kidney disease patients better than doctors’ perceptions alone.
Study documents worse sleep quality and greater risk of insomnia in women who undergo surgical menopause versus natural menopause.
Research studies funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) highlight challenges and potential strategies for making health care safer in the United States.
Nasal surgery to relieve obstructed breathing can reduce or eliminate chronic headaches in selected patients.
Researchers plan to enroll approximately 420 couples in clinical trial.
According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Emerging Infections Program hospital infections are in decline.
December 15, 2018: Last day to enroll, re-enroll, or change for 2019
STOP (Sports Trauma and Overuse Prevention) Sports Injuries provides helpful information for athletes, parents, coaches and healthcare providers.
NIH-funded study also finds the surgery more effective for weight loss than medication.
Large NIH-funded study examined outcomes in United States and Australia.
Office of the Chief Technology Officer published a comprehensive report of the data sharing environment at the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS).
In an age of selfies and constant social media sharing, a growing number of teenagers are undergoing plastic surgery to alter their appearance.
About one in five children regularly use prescription medications, and nearly one in 12 of those children are at risk for experiencing a harmful drug-drug interaction.
African-American doctors could help reduce cardiovascular mortality among black men by 19 percent — if there was more racial diversity among physicians.
A new review article highlights positive ACL surgery outcomes and risks of inadequate treatment in Generation X and older athletes.
Patients can improve their conditions using topical medications prescribed by their dermatologist.
The American Academy of Pediatrics clinical report, 'The Power of Play,' recommends play for children to buffer toxic stress, build parental relationships and improve executive functioning.
The American Medical Association (AMA) called on policymakers to support proven approaches to treat opioid use disorder.
NIH study reveals prevalence of and risk factors for phantom odor perception.
NYU School of Medicine announced that it is offering full-tuition scholarships to all current and future students in its MD degree program regardless of need or merit.
The National Academy of Medicine (NAM), in partnership with the Aspen Institute, launched a public-private partnership called the NAM Action Collaborative on Countering the U.S. Opioid Epidemic.
Veterans with cancer who receive treatment from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) will now have easier access to clinical trials of novel cancer treatments.
Follow these tips to have a safe cooking, eating, and drinking experience at those events.
Viral species, particularly herpesviruses, may have a role in Alzheimer’s disease biology.
Crypto parasite continues to cause most outbreaks and illnesses linked to pools and water playgrounds.
Men with erectile dysfunction are at greater risk for heart attacks, strokes and sudden cardiac death.
UCLA-led study evaluates treatment using a person’s own white blood cells.
A protein in the brain that binds to alcohol could be the key to curing alcoholism.
Puberty brings a level of volatility in attitudes, behavior, responsibility and moods that can look and feel like mental illness.
Research article authors analyzed improvement of pain and function.
NIH BRAIN Initiative-funded research a key first step to improving deep brain stimulation.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Aimovig for the preventive treatment of migraine in adults.
Report identifies “asthma belts” in Ohio and the eastern seaboard.
Some of what you think are allergy symptoms could be signs of asthma.
AAD encourages soldiers, veterans to take steps to detect the disease early.
An important part of the American Patients First initiative, the Dashboards provide new information on changes in spending per drug over time.
Children’s hospitals are seeing steady increases in suicide thoughts and attempts.
The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs recently released a new online feature that allows Veterans to access their medical images.
Cases triple; better tools needed to fight mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas.
Synthetic opioids have surpassed prescription opioids as the most common drug involved in overdose deaths in the U.S.
New article highlights the benefits of vitamin D in athletes.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has taken important initial steps to address the dramatic rise in youth use of Juul e-cigarettes.
Preliminary NIH study shows losing just one night of sleep led to an immediate increase in beta-amyloid.
Ramped-up CDC strategy helps providers stop spread of new germs, prevents large outbreaks.
Urges more individuals to carry life-saving medication.
Scientists have developed a novel technique that prevents coronary artery obstruction during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).
Protect yourself and your family by using caution when buying medicine online.
AAP specialists were among the team of medical and psychiatric researchers, clinical experts who developed the first update to guidelines in 10 years.
Research shows that coordinated, early intervention can yield successful outcomes for people with mental illness
Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital are exploring the effects of potential stroke risk factors that are unique to women.
Understanding the U.S. Opioid Crisis.
Study results may provide mechanism to make opioids safer and more efficient.
Health benefits of human-animal interactions.
New resources from NIH cut the confusion on dietary supplements.
Provides unique new framework for early detection of the most common cancers.
A partnership of organizations that promote women’s health announced the launch of a new campaign called Care Women Deserve, which aims to educate people about the vital preventive services available to women with no out-of-pocket costs.
Information on what to do if you or someone you know has a problem with drugs.
Encouraging news: People with diabetes are living longer, healthier lives with fewer complications.
NIH will host a Reddit AMA with members of the National Human Genome Research Institute's (NHGRI) Ethical, Legal and Social Implications Research Program.
Follow these steps to keep your holiday season food poisoning-free.
Over 90 percent of homes had three or more detectable allergens.
NIDA study compares buprenorphine/naloxone combination to extended release naltrexone.
Following the signing of a 2014 memorandum of understanding (MOU) to make thousands of complete back issues of historically-significant biomedical journals freely available through the National Institutes of Health life sciences repository PubMed Central (PMC), the US National Library of Medicine and the Wellcome Trust have released multiple titles.
Two new national reports highlight who may be at highest risk for suicide and/or suicidal thoughts and behaviors.
Open Enrollment for 2018 health insurance is right around the corner! Starting November 1, you can enroll, re-enroll, or change plans for 2018 through the Health Insurance Marketplace. Here's what you can do now to make the application process quicker and easier.
Today the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is launching Rx Awarenes, a powerful communication campaign featuring real-life accounts of people recovering from opioid use disorder and people who have lost loved ones to prescription opioid overdose.
The only accurate way to find out if a breast augmentation is right for you will be to meet with an experienced, board-certified plastic surgeon for an in-person examination.
As tick populations grow and spread across the country, their prevalence is increasing the public’s risk for some troubling diseases.
A follow-up image or test is not just a “nice to have,” it can save lives.
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) has activated the Emergency Access Initiative (EAI) in response to Hurricanes Irma and Harvey.
CDC encourages parents to protect children from cancers caused by HPV.
Are you interested in deploying with the Red Cross to support those impacted by Hurricane Harvey?
A large, long-term study showed that certain heart disease risk factors in midlife—diabetes, elevated blood pressure, and smoking cigarettes—are associated with an increased risk for dementia.
Although the risk of colorectal cancer remains low for young and middle-aged adults, rising mortality strongly suggests that the increase in incidence is not only earlier detection of prevalent cancer, but a true and perplexing escalation in disease occurrence.
New formulations of these medications that can facilitate access to treatment and improve compliance could be a real game-changer that could quickly make a dent in this crisis.
The AMA told the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) that the agency do more to simplify the evolving regulations for value-based payments.
Parents, students, educators, and community members can all take action to keep children safe—in and away from school.
More accurate diagnoses translate to more effectice treatment and better outcomes.
NCI-COG Pediatric Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice (Pediatric MATCH) is a nationwide trial to explore whether targeted therapies can be effective for children and adolescents with cancer.
Rady Children’s Institute for Genomic Medicine expands rapid whole genome sequencing to Children’s Minnesota.
Studies have shown that people with psychotic disorders are more prone to acts violence if they do not receive effective treatment.
Six Memorial Hermann Hospitals were recently honored with Mission: Lifeline Awards by the American Heart Association (AHA).
It takes less than a minute to learn the three-step hands only CPR technique: Check, Call, Compress.
A new risk assessment tool is bringing physicians closer to predicting who is most likely to suffer a sudden cardiac arrest.
Agency takes important steps under new Drug Competition Action Plan.
Stigmatization of disease and body weight a major barrier to seeking treatment.
New research by Dartmouth-Hitchcock and the University of Michigan shows Americans with mental illness use opioids at alarming levels.
Applications for the Access Increases for Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (AIMS) award are due July 26, 2017.
2018 Yellow Book includes important health information for international travel.
Brain patterns precede behavioral symptoms of autism, NIH-funded study suggest.
Incidence, rising since the 1970s, expected to continue through at least 2030.
After a long tradition of recognizing medical excellence in New York Super Doctors listings, we are very excited to launch our first-ever list of top New York Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
The alarming rate of opioid deaths brings the gravity of the situation home to physicians.
The Institute of Medicine recommends to lower dietary sodium by decreasing the amount in commercially processed foods.
May is Asthma Awareness Month, and the National Institutes of Health is finding solutions to improve the health of people in the United States who have asthma.
A new trial may hold hope for military personnel with PTSD through treatment with oxytocin, sometimes referred to as the “love hormone.”
Exercisers more likely to have adequate vitamin D.
NIH rat study suggests amitriptyline temporarily inhibits the blood-brain barrier, allowing drugs to enter the brain.
The findings could lead to improved methods of repairing rotator cuff tears in people.
Did you know that taking medicine and dietary supplements at the same time can be harmful? Learn more about how to avoid problems at this website.
Early Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis Is Key
Vaccinating pregnant women against pertussis was shown to be highly effective in protecting newborn infants against the life-threatening respiratory infection.
The researchers suggested that hospital strategies that ensure older adults are healthy enough for discharge could help prevent early hospital readmissions from post-acute care facilities.
Faced with the negative quality-of-life effects from surgery and radiation treatments for prostate cancer, low risk patients may instead want to consider active surveillance with their physician.
The study will determine if two over-the-counter (OTC) medications can diminish alcohol abuse in diagnosed bipolar patients.
Self-harm with a firearm is associated with highest suicide risk in the following month.
American Cancer Society researchers report that most baby boomers have not been tested for the hepatitis C virus.
Physicians advocate for changes in how deaths are reported.
Discovering new ways food can impact colorectal cancer risk.
Hormone treatment for one year may improve bone strength and reduce anemia for some older men with a low level of testosterone.
Recording and analyzing patient and family reports about rude and disrespectful behavior can identify surgeons with higher rates of surgical site infections and other avoidable adverse outcomes.
Alexa, the friendly voice of the Amazon Echo, will for the first time give all three instructions for CPR, heart attack and stroke warning signs.
As the health care debate continues, the unique needs of children must not be forgotten. A new resource provides child-focused Medicaid funding and coverage details for each state.
NIH-funded preclinical study suggests a possible treatment for Alzheimer’s disease and other neurodegenerative disorders.
The trial sought to determine if daily low-dose aspirin could prevent subsequent pregnancy loss among women who had one or two prior losses.
Pediatric experts argue that such devices may cause undue alarm to parents, with no evidence of medical benefits, especially to healthy babies.
By Andy Bindman, M.D.
The study confirms that the standard antibiotics prescribed for an ear infection should be taken the full 10 days.
Blocking inflammation after radiation therapy led to improved survival in mouse model.
Coronary artery calcium score gives risk assessment to prevent over- or undertreatment of blood pressure.
If an itch lasts for more than six weeks, say dermatologists from the American Academy of Dermatology, it is considered a chronic itch and is more likely to disrupt your life.
UCLA Research Alert
A team of vaccine, public health, and industry experts urge global leaders to not let up on developing as many Ebola vaccines as needed.
Demographic, environmental, economic, social factors might be key to difference.
Make healthy choices for yourself and your baby.
Hospitals receive AHA/ACC evidence-based guidance in treating the most complex heart patients.
Illicit opioids contribute to drastic increases in opioid overdose deaths across states.
Patients who received palliative care during a bone marrow transplant reported a better quality of life and reduced symptoms during hospitalization.
Investigators at Johns Hopkins report they have new evidence that a bacterium known to cause chronic inflammatory gum infections also triggers the inflammatory “autoimmune” response characteristic of chronic, joint-destroying rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Keys to success during the season are advance communication and planning, including making use of modern media.
“How we respond to this crisis is a test for America”
It doesn’t have to be a lifelong problem.
Targeting the Golgi apparatus may be useful in preventing metastasis.
When you save energy and resources, you protect the environment and safeguard health both now and for the future.
Mitochondrial DNA discoveries by UCLA and Caltech scientists may help to prevent or delay onset of age-related diseases.
Big data derived from electronic health records, social media, the internet and other digital sources have the potential to provide more timely and detailed information on infectious disease threats or outbreaks than traditional surveillance methods.
Fine particulate matter air pollution may be associated with blood vessel damage and inflammation among young, healthy adults.
Lung cancer was by far the largest contributor of the loss of healthy years.
Media in all forms, including TV, computers, and smartphones can affect how children feel, learn, think, and behave.
Emma Guttman-Yassky, MD, PhD, a professor of dermatology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, has dedicated her career to unmasking the mechanisms behind atopic dermatitis (AD).
More than a quarter of workers are stressed out, according to a national workplace health survey released Tuesday by the American Heart Association’s CEO Roundtable.
NIH-funded study suggests efforts to prevent risk factors should extend to those older than 65.
About 1 out of 5 women in America will experience depression in her lifetime.
The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2016, there will be 10,380 new cancer cases diagnosed among children in the United States.
According to a new study funded by the National Institutes of Health, "Liquid Medication Errors and Dosing Tools: A Randomized Controlled Experiment."
Contestants will vie for $20 million in prizes to develop new innovative laboratory diagnostic tools that detect and distinguish antibiotic resistant bacteria.
The stem cell lines scientists created in the lab have already yielded insights into unexpected disease mechanisms.
In general, the earlier a learning disability is recognized and addressed, the greater the likelihood for success in school and later in life.
U.S. study reviews trial results on complementary health approaches for pain relief; aims to assist with pain management.
Rare and sometimes lethal disease affects young children.
Written by medical experts from the American Cancer Society, with guidance from breast cancer survivors, this evidence-based book is a great resource for any breast cancer patient.
Why athletes do it and what the science tells us.
Number of times we change our position per night decreases from 27 to 16 as we age, increasing sleep-associated wrinkles.
Being sedentary increases risks for diabetes, high blood pressure and poor circulation.
Preventing patches of itchy, sore skin.
For the first time ever, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has issued a travel advisory to a part of the continental U.S.
The study was seeking to determine if the risk of developing problems like heart disease, lung disease, cancer, and diabetes is increased in people who work long hours.
Impact of media violence on children, including aggressive behavior and victimization.
The new Overall Hospital Quality Star Rating methodology takes 64 existing quality measures already reported on the Hospital Compare website and summarizes them into a unified rating of one to five stars.
Highest increase among men ages 55 to 69, who could benefit the most from screening and early treatment.
Nearly 60 percent of consumers now say they are considering a cosmetic treatment, up from 30 percent in 2013.
A higher percentage of stable, opioid-dependent patients given six-month buprenorphine implants remained abstinent.
Two UCLA studies show menopause, insomnia could increase women’s risk for aging-related diseases.
Hormone therapy for postmenopausal women has been controversial, with some studies suggesting benefits and others not. Now, a study finds the treatment’s effect on women’s mental skills is negligible.
Kids in bed by 8 p.m. have half the risk.
A computer game is showing promise as a potential treatment for irritability in children.
Findings are a promising step toward developing improved treatments.
People can now compare costs for doctors in their area, calculate how much they might pay with their insurance, and book an appointment.
Couples in which the male partner had high levels of paracetamol in his urine took longer to achieve pregnancy than couples in which the male had lower levels of the compound.
American Cancer Society, Anthem Foundation tackle testing obstacles.
As part of its commitment to provide useful information, UTMB makes available a broad range of measures and ratings at www.utmb.edu/qualityresults.
Prevention Epicenters Program supports research on new ways to prevent superbugs and improve healthcare quality.
A subgroup of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a leading cause of infertility, may produce excess adrenal hormones, according to an early study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other institutions.
But drops coffee from list of possible carcinogens.
Almost 10 million U.S. adults report misusing prescription opioids in 2012-2013.
Physical activity, independent of weight loss, may help to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes in people who are at high risk for diabetes.
Largest U.S. study of its kind using American Academy of Ophthalmology’s national ophthalmic database also finds women at higher risk of potentially blinding complication.
This website has information and resources on trauma, coping and resilience.
About 1 out of 5 patients continue to access opioids after discharge from opioid use disorder inpatient treatment.
Part of the National Cancer Moonshot, GDC to centralize, standardize accessible data.
Higher intake of potatoes and French fries may be associated with an increased risk of high blood pressure (hypertension) in adults.
Check inspection results and do your own inspections before swimming this summer.
New CDC studies underscore urgency of hepatitis C testing and treatment, especially for baby boomers
Hallucinations or delusions can occur in as many as 50 percent of patients with Parkinson’s disease at some time during the course of their illness.
It's not just postpartum, and it's not just depression.
Women live longer in areas with more green vegetation, according to new research funded by the NIEHS
Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses
Are runners less injury-prone trekking barefoot than in pricey running shoes?
Scientists discovered a genetic mutation that raises HDL cholesterol levels but, rather than protecting against heart disease, increases the risk for it.
Recommendations to improve patient care, safety, and help prevent opioid misuse and overdose.
When Panic, Fear, and Worries Overwhelm
Early exposure may affect pregnancy outcomes, NIH study finds.
Board certification does not adversely impact physician supply and is associated with better performance during and after internal medicine residency.
The new guidance is a part of the FDA’s ongoing efforts to protect HCT/Ps and blood products from Zika virus transmission.
U.S. Multi-Society Task Force Releases New Recommendations
The American Heart Association (AHA) and the National Association of the Deaf (NAD) announced today that they will work together to increase heart health video resources available for people who are deaf or hard of hearing.
There are a variety of effective treatments available for acne, and dermatologists have found that combining two or more treatments is the best option for the majority of patients.
Findings support ability of significant weight loss to prevent adverse events related to heart failure.
A Puzzling and Painful Condition.
Pioglitazone, a drug used for type 2 diabetes, may prevent recurrent stroke and heart attacks in people with insulin resistance but without diabetes.
A new study led by Johns Hopkins researchers concludes that people with medically serious weight problems can rarely find or have access to proven, reliable programs to help them shed pounds.
The AAP stands behind its recommendation that all children be screened for ASD at ages 18 and 24 months, along with regular developmental surveillance.
A recent study funded by the National Institute on Aging reveals the unexpected enormity of the problem and its disastrous consequences for a generation of Americans.
Proposed changes would facilitate health information exchange to support delivery system reform efforts while protecting the privacy of patients seeking treatment for a substance use disorder.
Study challenges previous beliefs about dormant virus and charts a “path to a cure.”
New effort seeks to understand virus’ effect on reproduction, child development.
A team-based care approach in conjunction with newer pain management strategies, is key to maximizing patient outcomes.
Pharmaceutical compounds or other therapeutic methods that produce elevated levels of TTP in humans may offer an effective treatment for some inflammatory diseases.
Budget includes new mandatory funding to help ensure that all Americans who want treatment can get the help they need.
Developments in techniques, materials improve results for patients.
Findings indicate that health plan's systematic efforts to improve risk-factor control may help reduce or eliminate racial and ethnic disparities.
Research is first evidence that brain structure implicated in depression may be inherited.
In laboratory neuronal cultures, an FDA-approved drug used to treat high blood pressure reduced cell damage often linked to Alzheimer's disease.
Study's findings show this practice places patients at greater risk of death while waiting for a lifesaving transplant.
A high-fiber diet may reduce the incidence of breast cancer by decreasing levels of estrogen circulating in the blood.
Findings have potential for effective clinical therapeutics to treat bone defects and osteoporosis
Researchers at Johns Hopkins say an online “pop quiz” they developed in 2009 shows promising accuracy in predicting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in young women.
Ongoing research efforts are focused on improving upon existing MRI technology to enhance the prenatal evaluation and diagnosis of patients facing a birth defect.
Known as Home Health Care Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HHCAHPS) Survey star ratings, these measures evaluate patients’ experiences with home health agencies.
Hypothermia can develop in older adults after even relatively mild exposure to cold weather or a small drop in temperature.
The research was led by investigators at the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), part of the National Institutes of Health.
Many who selected or were automatically enrolled in a 2016 plan through the Marketplace qualify for a tax credit.
According to board-certified dermatologists from the American Academy of Dermatology, nickel is one of the most common causes of allergic contact dermatitis.
Are you at risk? Take a short online test at doihaveprediaetes.org to learn your risk.
New research finds that physicians are less likely to undergo intense end-of-life treatments compared to the general population.
NIH study finds no reason for delaying pregnancy attempts after a loss without complications.
If blood tests show your kidney function is reduced, talk to your doctor about your risk of heart disease and how best to lower it.
National Council for Behavioral Health Announces a Campaign to Train 1 Million Americans in Mental Health First Aid.
Dr. Bobrow and his team propose three concrete steps communities and the nation can take to improve survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
Taking a high dose of vitamin D3 is safe for people with multiple sclerosis and may help regulate the body's hyperactive immune response, according to a pilot study published by Johns Hopkins physicians.
Is short stature a problem? In particular, when it does not result from an underlying disease, does it justify giving a child nightly injections of human growth hormone?
About 2.7 million people in the United States have a chronic hepatitis C virus infection, which can lead to liver failure or death.
A pesticide used prior to the early 1980s and found in milk at that time may be associated with signs of Parkinson's disease in the brain.
Genetic variation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) appears to play a major role in determining how sick they will become and could provide a roadmap for more effective treatments.
Kidney disease is a major health concern worldwide. It's estimated that 1 in 3 American adults are at risk of developing kidney disease, and 26 million adults already have kidney disease.
Men with prostate cancer who are undergoing radiation therapy can benefit from yoga.
"America's worsening STD epidemic is a clear call for better diagnosis, treatment, and prevention," said Jonathan Mermin, M.D., director of CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and Tuberculosis Prevention.
Although it is not common, lung cancer sometimes causes symptoms in the early stages. Most of the symptoms are more likely to be caused by something that isn't lung cancer. But it's important to go to the doctor so the cause can be found and treated.
When you hear the word epilepsy, you might think of intense seizures with muscle spasms and loss of consciousness. But most epilepsy seizures are surprisingly subtle and may be hard to recognize.
A few decades ago, when a football player got his "bell rung" with a hard hit to the head, he would shake it off, take smelling salts and return to the game.Times have changed.
Johns Hopkins researchers show that noninvasive CT scans of the heart's vessels are far better at spotting clogged arteries that can trigger a heart attack than the commonly prescribed exercise stress that most patients with chest pain undergo.
NIH-funded study examines medical, care costs in last five years of life.
Nina Schooler PhD, professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at SUNY Downstate Medical Center, recently discussed new treatment recommendations for persons diagnosed with first episode schizophrenia.
So far the CDC has seen no significant drift in currently circulating flu viruses, as it did last season.
A greater willingness to work with older donors could help patients who prefer to work with a relative or friend as donor.
Orthopaedic surgeons offer safety tips to trick-or-treaters.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a tablet that combines the drugs trifluridine and tipiracil hydrochloride (Lonsurf®) to treat patients with metastatic colorectal cancer whose disease progressed after standard treatments.
The grant, part of a presidential initiative aimed at revolutionizing the understanding of the human brain, is called Brain Research Through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies or the BRAIN Initiative.
This broadened research focus will add to the growing knowledge of environmental and genetic factors that may influence breast cancer risk across the lifespan.
A new study finds that children with congenital heart disease and ADHD can take stimulant medications without fear of significant cardiovascular side effects.
There's an emerging theme in Alzheimer's genetics that the immune system may be strongly involved in the onset of Alzheimer's disease.
Work draws more detailed picture of genetic risk, sheds light on sex differences in diagnosis.
With unique ‘mechanism of action,' drug could become first in new class of influenza antivirals.
The largest-ever epidemiologic study of small cell lung cancer (SCLC)-is the first to look at how much COPD, a progressive disease that makes it hard to breathe, increases smokers' risk of getting SCLC.
"The UDN Gateway will provide patients and their families access to the nation's leading diagnostic teams and sophisticated diagnostic tools."-James M. Anderson, M.D., Ph.D., Director, NIH's Division of Program Coordination, Planning, and Strategic Initiatives (DPCPSI)
In what is believed to be the largest, most detailed study of its kind in the United States, scientists at NYU Langone Medical Center and elsewhere have confirmed that tiny chemical particles in the air we breathe are linked to an overall increase in risk of death.
Johns Hopkins researchers report that 8 weeks of yoga classes improved the physical and mental wellbeing of people with two common forms of arthritis.
Rates of contralateral preventive mastectomy in men nearly doubled between 2004 and 2011.
There are many factors which can influence rescue-inhaler overuse but a study funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the American Lung Association (ALA) has just highlighted a commonly overlooked one: depression.
To help people spot skin cancer early, when it's most treatable, dermatologists are urging everyone - including busy parents - to learn the ABCDEs of melanoma, the most deadly form of skin cancer.
Higher heart age means higher risk of heart attacks and stroke.
If a colonoscopy seems like the type of thing you'd like to get done with quickly, think again.
Findings affirm value of physician involvement in changing unhealthy behavior.
In the summer of 2014, social media was taken by storm with videos of people pouring ice water on themselves for the Ice Bucket Challenge. The worldwide phenomenon raised awareness-and millions of research dollars-for a fatal disease called ALS.
Individuals who received the flu vaccine were protected for up to 6 months post-vaccination, the duration of most flu seasons.
Almost all of the 41 million estimated contact lens wearers in the United States may be engaging in at least one behavior known to increase their risk of eye infections.
Vitamin D in teens: Don't overdo it, bad things may happen
Even short delays have a measurable impact on patients' chance at a successful recovery, UCLA study finds
"Today's approval provides women distressed by their low sexual desire with an approved treatment option," said Janet Woodcock, M.D., director of the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER).
People infected with the hepatitis C virus are at risk for liver damage, but the results of a new Johns Hopkins study now show the infection may also spell heart trouble.
Report examines the prevalence, severity, and duration of pain.
Surgeons Describe Positive Outcomes in The Journal of Urology®
Only about one in four in Georgia get further evaluation.
For the first time, experts urge early monitoring and assertive intervention to reduce risk factors for heart and blood vessel disease among teens with major depression or bipolar disorder.
Too-early start times can keep students from getting the sleep they need for health, safety, and academic success, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics.
NIH-funded scientists are working to better understand the links between your attitude and your body.
Most people who have HPV-the most common sexually transmitted disease-don't know they are infected. The CDC recommends that girls and boys be vaccinated starting at age 11 or 12, so they can develop immunity before they are sexually active.
A new option for patients with genotype 3 HCV, including those patients who cannot tolerate ribavirin.
Hysterectomy may be a marker of early cardiovascular risk and disease, especially in women under 35, according to Mayo Clinic experts.
Is it possible that too much iron in infant formula may potentially increase risk for neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's in adulthood -- and are teeth the window into the past that can help us tell?
It's any parent's worst nightmare: putting the new baby to sleep at night and discovering the next morning that the child has passed away. In the U.S., more than 3,500 infants die each year from sudden infant death syndrome, or SIDS, and from what experts describe as "other sleep-related causes of infant death."
Study Highlights: When asked about administering the clot-busting drug tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) to stroke patients, hospital staff perceptions did not always line up with actual performance.
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have successfully treated patients with moderate to severe eczema using a rheumatoid arthritis drug.
As you age, you may notice you have less muscle and energy and more fat. Carrying those extra pounds may be harming your health.
More than 9 in 10 people who used heroin also used at least one other drug.
The University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health asked parents in May how their views on vaccinations changed between 2014 and 2015 - during which two dozen measles outbreaks were reported in the U.S., including a multi-state outbreak traced to Disneyland.
NIH-funded study is the first look at antipsychotic prescriptions patterns in the U.S.
Resident contributions to care have no effect on rates of complications or death, data analysis shows
Nearly six million Americans currently live with heart failure, yet a recent national survey found potentially dangerous misconceptions and knowledge gaps about the disease.
Children who received general anesthesia for surgery before age 4 had diminished language comprehension, lower IQ and decreased gray matter density in posterior regions of their brain, according to a new study in the journal Pediatrics.
A new study published in the American Journal of Public Health shows a number of actions that can be taken to address the treatment gap.
More than 7.7 Americans suffer from diabetic retinopathy, the leading cause of blindness in American adults.
New findings might help efforts to increase mental health treatment of children and adolescents who are in the greatest need.
When animals are present, children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have lower readings on a device that detects anxiety and other forms of social arousal when interacting with their peers.
The American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) is pleased to announce the launch of its new patient -focused website.
Concerns about chemicals routinely used by nail technicians drew new attention following the publication of a two-part investigative series in the New York Times.
The proportion of parents who delay having children until age 35 or older continues to increase, but the long-term health consequences for these children are still emerging.
We want families to know that they can apply for Medicaid or the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) at any time - there's no deadline.
It was not until 1981 that NIAID researchers identified the cause of Lyme disease and discovered the connection between the deer tick and the disease.
Although few natural products have been proven to reduce cholesterol, some might be helpful. With your doctor's OK, consider these cholesterol-lowering supplements and products.
New evidence suggests that when and how often people eat can also play a role in cancer risk.
Scientists discover asthma's potential root cause and a novel treatment.
More than half of all Medicare patients who have cataract surgery undergo unnecessary routine preoperative testing, despite strong evidence that these tests are usually not beneficial.
Orthopaedic surgeons offer exercises to help strengthen shoulder joints.
Facial plastic surgery may do more than make you look youthful.
Look at the Amygdala.
Acetaminophen reduces both pain and pleasure, study finds.
Three-part research approach focuses on communities and health.
Dysfunction in the home is especially dangerous for children at risk for asthma.
To help physicians guide obese and overweight patients who want to try a commercial weight-loss program, a team of Johns Hopkins researchers reviewed 4,200 studies for solid evidence of their effectiveness but concluded only a few dozen of the studies met the scientific gold standard of reliability.
Only about 0.3% Americans now meet World Health Organization (WHO) sodium and potassium targets.
Evidence-based, bipartisan efforts focus on prescribing practices and treatment to reduce prescription opioid and heroin use disorders.
The plan is part of multipronged effort to address antibiotic resistance.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, diabetes (type 1 and type 2) affects more than 29 million people in the United States and is the leading cause of new blindness among people ages 20 to 74 years.
Personal stories encourage HIV prevention, testing and treatment.
Kids are five times more likely than adults to die from tickborne diseases like Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF).
The number of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients in the U.S. has now increased to an estimated 1.6 million, with approximately 5 percent of that patient population under the age of 18.
Patients with carpal tunnel syndrome are more than twice as likely to have migraine headaches, reports a study in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery-Global Open®
Drug companies' incremental changes keep drugs patented, costly, Johns Hopkins study shows.
NIH-funded research suggests novel way to improve vaccine efficacy in brain tumors.
If you or a loved one is age 65 or older, getting vaccinated against pneumonia is a good idea - so good that the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) now recommends that everyone in this age group get vaccinated against pneumonia twice.
Increasingly high prices for cancer drugs are affecting patient care in the U.S. and the American health care system overall, say the authors of a special article published online in the journal Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
HHS released a comprehensive set of plans outlining how its agencies will expand access to the results of scientific research for the public.
Colorectal cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer death nationwide. But it can usually be cured when caught early.
Starting next year, the federal government will require health insurers to give millions of Americans enrolled in Medicare Advantage plans or in policies sold in the federally run health exchange up-to-date details about which doctors are in their plans and taking new patients.
A new study by the University of Texas Medical Branch found that 20 percent of men were prescribed testosterone despite having normal testosterone levels based on the Endocrine Society's guidelines.
Faced with new data that conflict with older findings, the US Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) today voted to drop its advice that the nasal-spray influenza vaccine should be preferred over injectable vaccines for children from 2 through 8 years old.
Heart health goes mobile and social with the release of BioGram.
A team of health experts concerned about the long-term threat of Ebola released today a lengthy set of recommendations for the development of Ebola vaccines, saying that the push to test vaccines in West Africa must continue even if fading cases make it difficult to tell for certain if the inoculations are working.
A surgical procedure that was virtually abandoned in the 1950s because of its high mortality rates in trying to save patients with acute pulmonary embolism may actually prevent more deaths in severely ill patients than current drug therapies alone.
MD Anderson research may aid physicians' ability to prognosticate, help patients and families make difficult personal, treatment decisions
About one in five Americans suffers from allergic rhinitis, commonly called "hay fever," the fifth most common disease in the U.S., with health care costs of $2 billion to $5 billion per year.
A warning from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that Americans should be vaccinated and that clinicians be on guard for detecting and preventing the disease.
Gov. Andrew Cuomo wants to pull the plug on a free state website that provides details about New York doctors' medical malpractice records, hospital affiliations and other background information.
Unfortunately, although clinical trials are critical for advancing cancer treatment and ultimately serve as the basis for new standards of care, very few patients participate.
Insomniacs who take longer than 14 minutes to fall asleep face a greater risk of hypertension, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal Hypertension.
Influenza activity in the United States is widespread and likely to continue for weeks. Read more about what physicians can do.
Widespread among adolescents, intimate partner violence and sexual violence can place young people on a lifelong trajectory of aggression -- either as victims or perpetrators -- endangering their sexual and reproductive health now and in the future.
Accumulated evidence suggests that sitting for prolonged periods of time increases risk for heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and death, regardless of whether a person exercises regularly or not.
Athletes who down beet juice before exercising to increase blood flow and improve performance may be surprised at the results of a recent study conducted at Penn State's Noll Laboratory.
When Medicare Prescription Drug Coverage started in 2006, many experts voiced concerns about disabled patients with serious mental illness making the transition from Medicaid to Medicare.
The findings are reported online Jan. 22 in the Journal of Adolescent Health and will appear in February in the journal's print edition.
Nearly 42 percent of U.S. adults who drink also report using medications known to interact with alcohol.
"Chronic pain spans a multitude of conditions, presents in different ways, and requires an individualized, multifaceted approach."-Dr. David B. Reuben Panel chair and professor of medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles
Cancer is often unpredictable, but there are things everyone can do to help reduce their cancer risk or improve their chances of beating the disease if they do get it.
Depending on how long and how frozen the tissue, frostbite can result in severe, sometimes permanent, damage.
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect 1 to 2 percent of children in the United States. Hundreds of genetic and environmental factors have been shown to increase the risk of ASD.
Only one of more than 100 US children who were struck by an unexplained polio-like illness causing limb weakness in recent months has fully recovered.
If this is your year to quit, the American Lung Association shares five tips to help you on the path to success.
AIDSinfo, a collaboration of the US Department of Health and Human Services and the US National Library of Medicine, announces the release of a new app, the AIDSinfo Drug App.
Winter holidays-do they fill you with joy or with worries about gift-giving and family gatherings?
Prescription use of benzodiazepines-a widely used class of sedative and anti-anxiety medications-increases steadily with age, despite the known risks for older people.
If you have chronic hepatitis C and you've avoided treatment because it sounds so complicated, now's the time to reconsider.
Jonathan Foulds, professor of public health sciences and psychiatry at Penn State College of Medicine, conducted a study of more than 3,500 former smokers who switched to e-cigarettes.
US authorities today reported finding wild birds in Washington state infected with two different highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses, H5N2 and H5N8.
The 10 most challenging public-health threats of 2014.
Pioneering method gives patients new hope to live cancer-free lives.
The report, billed as the most comprehensive of its kind, was released by the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) in partnership with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and more than 35 other organizations.
Breathing secondhand marijuana smoke could damage your heart and blood vessels as much as secondhand cigarette smoke, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2014.
Women over the age of 70 who have certain early-stage breast cancers overwhelmingly receive radiation therapy despite published evidence that the treatment has limited benefit.
An experimental vaccine to prevent Ebola virus disease was well-tolerated and produced immune system responses in all 20 healthy adults who received it.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Avastin (bevacizumab) as a treatment for ovarian cancer.
The HIV epidemic continues to threaten the health and well-being of many Americans - with more than one million people living with the disease in the U.S. and 50,000 new infections each year.
The new Healthy Heart Score developed by researchers at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) gives individuals an easy method to estimate their 20-year risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD).
The documentary, Sleepless in America, premieres on the National Geographic Channel on Sunday, November 30th at 8 p.m. ET/PT.
The December issues of AGA's journals - Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology and Gastroenterology - highlight important updates into treatments for two serious liver conditions.
Routinely adding mitral valve repair to coronary artery bypass graft surgery for heart attack patients may not be warranted.
Month-long residential program could be better than standard-of-care outpatient programs in helping young adults stay drug-free.
African Americans, Hispanics and those who receive care at a community hospital are all significantly less likely than other patients to receive treatment for early stage non-small cell lung cancer, according to a report in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology.
Recent asthma symptoms or asthma that requires daily medication may significantly raise the risk of heart attack.
UC Davis research finds walnuts slow prostate cancer growth, among other health benefits
Survivors' physical limitations rapidly increase over decade following heart attack and stroke; many face disability, depression and caregiver reliance.
Medicare's proposed computed tomography (CT) lung cancer screening coverage would provide high-risk seniors with access to care that can save more lives than any cancer screening test in history.
Researchers at Mayo Clinic's campus in Jacksonville say they have identified first steps in the origin of pancreatic cancer.
Whether allergy sufferers have symptoms that are mild or severe, they really only want one thing: relief. So it's particularly distressing that the very medication they hope will ease symptoms can cause different, sometimes more severe, allergic responses.
Every year in the U.S., 600,000 heart procedures are performed by threading thin tubes through patients' arteries to access their hearts.
The most common type of diabetes, called type 2 diabetes, can be prevented or delayed if you know what steps to take.
Silence=Death. That phrase was used by the advocacy group ACT UP to end the silence about the AIDS crisis in the United States. This is no less true for the issue of viral hepatitis.
They know less than they think they know. That's the finding of a recent study that evaluated people's confidence about choosing and using health insurance compared with their actual knowledge and skills.
EV-D68 infections in children is continuing to fade, but another possibly related death has been reported, and the number of unexplained polio-like illnesses potentially linked to the virus has risen by 13.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced the approval of Trumenba.
More and more experts now recommend that people with high blood pressure regularly check their blood pressure at home.
It's an often agonizing challenge facing any parent of a child with autism: How can I help my son or daughter socialize with his or her typically developing peers?
Most women with breast cancer have some type of surgery as part of their treatment. They often have choices to make about the type of surgery they will undergo.
Combination therapy appears most effective.
Findings strengthen link between specific brain region and normal memory decline.
Large clinical trials that would put Ebola vaccines in the arms of thousands of West Africans may begin as early as January, depending on the outcome of small preliminary trials under way now or soon to start.
Older men and women who choose to undergo cosmetic procedures remain safe and have complications at a rate no different than their younger counterparts, according to a recent study.
Just in time for flu season, a new Michigan State University study of "the mother of all pandemics" could offer insight into infection control measures for the flu and other epidemic diseases.
Patients who use a CPAP device often believe that it makes them less sexually attractive, according to researchers at Rosalind Franklin University.
Male and female brains are not equal when it comes to the biological response to a high-fat diet.
Rheumatoid arthritis patients who have undergone a hip or knee replacement are more likely to be readmitted to a hospital than are patients with osteoarthritis.
At the 70th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health and Massachusetts General Hospital present their findings.
Although it had long been suspected that obesity ages a person faster, it hadn't been possible to prove the theory until now.
Confirmed cases will appear to rise as agency accelerates specimen testing; Changes in case counts due to faster testing will not represent a real-time influx of new cases.
For those most severely affected, treating epilepsy means drilling through the skull deep into the brain to destroy the small area where the seizures originate - invasive, dangerous and with a long recovery period.
Removal of the entire lobe of lung may offer patients with early-stage lung cancer better overall survival when compared with a partial resection.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has established an Ebola response team to immediately deploy to any hospital that has a confirmed Ebola patient.
You're feeling pretty lousy. You've got sniffles, sneezing, and a sore throat. Is it a cold, flu, or allergies?
Patients who have plastic surgery to reshape their bodies after bariatric procedures are able to maintain "significantly greater" weight loss than those who do not.
Young baseball pitchers who throw more than 100 pitches per week are at risk for a newly identified overuse injury.
American Heart Association Rapid Access Journal Report
Many of the major players like Pfizer, Eli Lilly, AstraZeneca and Bristol-Myers Squibb are no longer developing antibiotics.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Harvoni (ledipasvir and sofosbuvir) to treat chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection.
The growth in the number of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) cases showed a possible sign of slowing today.
Pharmaceutical industry has withdrawn from the ‘antibiotic space.' Is it time for research universities to step in?
Ebola situation assessment - World Health Organization (WHO)
Incarceration plays a major role in health and health disparities in the United States, says UC Riverside's Scott Allen
Poor oral health and hygiene are increasingly recognized as major risk factors for pneumonia among the elderly.
As the nationwide outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) infections grew again today, federal and state health officials said they still have no idea whether the virus is contributing to a number of prolonged polio-like illnesses that have cropped up in a few states, especially California and Colorado.
A "mini-stroke" may increase your risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to new research in the American Heart Association journal Stroke.
Family-based therapy, in which parents of adolescents with anorexia nervosa are enlisted to interrupt their children's disordered behaviors, is twice as effective as individual psychotherapy at producing full remission of the disease.
A century's worth of cultural and historical forces have contributed to the rise in the incidence of melanoma, including changes in fashion and clothing design.
Do you know where to go for help after you've had a stroke, been diagnosed with heart disease or learn your baby was born with a congenital heart defect?
A World Health Organization (WHO) expert group met this week to map out the quickest way to get an Ebola virus disease (EVD) vaccine into West Africa's epidemic response arsenal, focusing on two experimental vaccines that already have clinical-grade vials ready for human trials.
A new wearable medical device can quickly alert a person if they are having cardiovascular trouble or if it's simply time to put on some skin moisturizer, reports a Northwestern University and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign study.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed today, through laboratory tests, the first case of Ebola to be diagnosed in the United States.
People are significantly more likely to have negative attitudes toward those dealing with drug addiction than those with mental illness, a new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests, and generally don't support insurance, housing, and employment policies that benefit those dependent on drugs.
If you have a child with egg allergies you may have been told they shouldn't get the shot because of a possible reaction to the trace amounts of egg in the vaccine. Not true, says the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI).
Got grapes? UCLA researchers have demonstrated how resveratrol, an antioxidant derived from grapes and found in wine, works to inhibit growth of the bacteria that causes acne.
Up to 40 percent of patients undergoing breast cancer surgery require additional operations because surgeons may fail to remove all the cancerous tissue in the initial operation. However, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) have successfully tested a tool they developed that will help surgeons better distinguish cancerous breast tissue from normal tissue.
Advisors to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration reported that additional research is needed to determine if testosterone therapy causes an increased risk for heart attacks and stroke.
People who use painkillers called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be at increased risk for potentially deadly blood clots, a new study suggests.
More women with cancer in one breast are opting to have both breasts removed to reduce their risk of future cancer.
A new University of Iowa study further supports an inescapable message: caregivers have a profound influence-good or bad-on the emotional state of individuals with Alzheimer's disease.
Scientists used genomic sequencing technologies to identify the origin and track transmission of the Ebola virus in the current outbreak in Africa.
Unless Ebola control measures in west Africa are enhanced quickly, experts from the WHO and Imperial College, London, predict numbers will continue to climb exponentially.
Five-fold greater risk found in children whose mothers had low supplemental iron and other risk factors for delivering a child with ASD.
If you take a prescription pain medicine that includes the drug hydrocodone, the way you get your prescriptions is about to change. And many people with cancer take these medicines.
U-M research shows almost three-quarters of parents aware of physician-rating Web sites, about a quarter have used them to select children's docs.
Study after study has proven it true: exercise is good for you. But new research from University of Pennsylvania scientists suggests that exercise may have an added benefit for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.
In an analysis of genetic information among more than 87,000 men, a global team of scientists says it has found 23 new genetic variants - common differences in the genetic code -- that increase a man's risk for prostate cancer.
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital study has identified the cumulative dose of a widely used class of chemotherapy drugs that leaves young male cancer patients at risk for impaired sperm production as adults.
A rare genetic disorder known as Jacobsen syndrome has been linked with autism, according to a recent joint investigation by researchers at San Diego State University and the University of California, San Diego.
It is time for conversations about death to become a part of life. That is one of the themes of a 500-page report, titled "Dying In America," released Tuesday by the Institute of Medicine.
When healthcare providers screen people 12-25 years old for underlying congenital/genetic heart disease, there are 14 critical questions on personal and family medical history and specific aspects of the physical examination that should be included.
Aggressive children are less likely to become violent criminals or psychiatrically troubled adults if they receive early intervention, says a new study based on more than two decades of research.
A study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology reports men with a specific pattern of baldness have a 40% increased risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer.
Doctors have discovered that patients with a particular genetic variation are four times more likely to develop pancreatitis if they are prescribed a widely used group of drugs.
In a study published this week in Pediatrics, journal of the American Pediatric Association, Professor Dieter Wolke and Dr Suzet Tanya Lereya from the University of Warwick, found being bullied increases the risk for a category of sleep disorders known as parasomnias. These are sleep-related problems such as nightmares, night terrors or sleep walking.
People with asthma often have a hard time dealing with respiratory viruses such as the flu or the common cold, and researchers have struggled to explain why.
Postmenopausal women who eat foods higher in potassium are less likely to have strokes and die than women who eat less potassium-rich foods, according to new research in the American Heart Association's journal Stroke.
Parents of twins often tell them apart through subtle differences such as facial expression, moles, voice tone and gait. Similarly, physicians treating women with endometrial cancer must be able to distinguish between different versions of this disease form that, on the surface, appear the same.
Sleep difficulties may be linked to faster rates of decline in brain volume, according to a study published in the September 3, 2014, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
"According to a new study, it appears that it's possible to have an allergic reaction to the antibiotic residue in foods.
A new genetic discovery about Crohn's disease could lead to different ways to fight the bowel disorder, researchers report.
In states where it is legal to use medical marijuana to manage chronic pain and other conditions, the annual number of deaths from prescription drug overdose is 25 percent lower than in states where medical marijuana remains illegal, new research suggests.
Washington, D. C., Aug. 25, 2014 - The American Heart Association issued new policy recommendations today on the use of e-cigarettes and their impact on tobacco-control efforts. The guidance was published in the association's journal, Circulation.
The Administration took several steps to help ensure women, whose coverage is threatened, receive coverage for recommended contraceptive services at no additional cost, as they should be entitled to under the Affordable Care Act.
Helpful back-to-school tips that will hopefully make the transition into a new school year a little easier for you and your child, courtesy of the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Many people have never heard of sepsis, or they don't know what it is. But sepsis is one of the top 10 causes of disease-related death in the United States. The condition can arise suddenly and progress quickly, and it's often hard to recognize.
The experimental treatment for the Ebola virus-the so-called "secret serum" being used to treat the two Americans aid workers and a Spanish missionary priest who contracted the disease-has its roots at Johns Hopkins, NBC News reported today.
Some doctors in the state of California will soon be able to practice after three years of medical school instead of the traditional four. The American Medical Association is providing seed money for the effort in the form of a $1 million, five-year grant to the University of California at Davis.
The number of adolescents ages 13-17 who are receiving the HPV vaccine remains "unacceptably low," said CDC officials in a recent press release(www.cdc.gov). The announcement came as the agency released results from its 2013 National Immunization Survey-Teen (NIS-Teen),(www.cdc.gov) which appeared July 25 in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR),(www.cdc.gov)
Preventing weight gain, obesity, and ultimately diabetes could be as simple as keeping a nuclear receptor from being activated in a small part of the brain, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers.
Most women know to call 911 if they think they are having a stroke, according to a national survey by the American Heart Association of more than 1,200 women, recently published in the journal Stroke. But here’s the catch: Most would not recognize the signs of a stroke if they actually had one.
Johns Hopkins researchers say they have discovered a chemical alteration in a single human gene linked to stress reactions that, if confirmed in larger studies, could give doctors a simple blood test to reliably predict a person’s risk of attempting suicide.
An expert panel recommended Tuesday completely overhauling the way government pays for the training of doctors, saying the current $15 billion system is failing to produce the medical workforce the nation needs.
Antidepressant Treatment of Depression During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period, a research review from AHRQ's Effective Health Care Program, has found there is not enough evidence to determine the relative benefits and harms of depression treatment in pregnant and postpartum women.
In a search for more effective ways to reverse PCOS infertility, some physicians have begun using the drug letrozole. Letrozol has been approved as a breast cancer treatment by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The drug is also known to suppress production of estrogen, which in turn triggers release of the hormones that drive ovulation.
Efforts to figure out what treatment regimens work best for most patients - known as comparative effectiveness research, or CER - needs to be sensitive to the heterogeneity of people with diabetes, USC Professor Dana Goldman warned policymakers at a briefing on Capitol Hill.
A device just one nanometer in diameter, which can be inserted under the skin, may one day be able to signal the onset, progression, or spread of cancer, and alert doctors so they can take action more quickly
New research suggests that a faltering sense of smell might signal the early stages of Alzheimer's disease, and that an inexpensive, low-tech smell test could spot who needs more extensive screening for dementia.
University of Iowa researchers have discovered a biomarker that could give expecting mothers and their doctors the first simple blood test to reliably predict that a pregnant woman may develop preeclampsia, at least as early as 6 weeks into the pregnancy.
During the summer, it is important for everyone, especially older adults and people with chronic medical conditions, to be aware of the dangers of hyperthermia. The National Institute on Aging (NIA), part of the NIH, has some tips to help mitigate some of the dangers.
Antibiotic resistance in foodborne germs, an ongoing public health threat, showed both positive and troubling trends, according to data tracked by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2012. Each year, antibiotic-resistant infections from foodborne germs cause an estimated 430,000 illnesses in the United States. Multi-drug resistant Salmonella, from food and other sources, causes about 100,000 illnesses in the United States each year.
All medical students and physicians should be trained in nutrition and physical activity to help combat America's growing obesity challenge, according to a new white paper, which ndicates current training for medical professionals in nutrition and exercise is inadequate to cope with the nation's obesity epidemic.
A man with almost no hair on his body has grown a full head of it after a novel treatment by doctors at Yale University.
Chemotherapy for young women with breast cancer has a serious permanent side effect: infertility due to irreversible damage to the ovaries. But a new study shows that a hormone-blocking drug taken during chemotherapy can help young female breast cancer patients avoid ovary damage and go on to have children later.
On Wednesday, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the CardioMEMS HF System, which measures the pulmonary artery (PA) pressures and heart rates of patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III heart failure who have been hospitalized for heart failure in the previous year. The device allows health care professionals to monitor the condition of their patients remotely.
High cholesterol levels may impair fertility in couples trying to achieve a pregnancy, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health, the University at Buffalo (New York) and Emory University in Atlanta.
A comprehensive survey released May 15 by the Kaiser Family Foundation provides a snapshot of women and their health coverage and care during a time of transition as important Affordable Care Act insurance market changes began to take root.
In a proof of principle clinical trial, Mayo Clinic researchers have demonstrated that virotherapy - destroying cancer with a virus that infects and kills cancer cells but spares normal tissues - can be effective against the deadly cancer multiple myeloma. The findings appear in the journal "Mayo Clinic Proceedings."
Increased screening for liver tumors in people with cirrhosis -- scarring of the liver -- could help boost liver cancer survival rates, according to researchers.
In a study scheduled to be published on April 25, 2014 in Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery, the official journal of the American Urogynecologic Society, UCSF researchers discovered that a yoga training program, designed to improve pelvic health, can help women gain more control over their urination and avoid accidental urine leakage.“Yoga is often directed at mindful awareness, increasing relaxation, and relieving anxiety and stress,” said first author Alison Huang, MD, assistant professor in the UCSF School of Medicine. “For these reasons, yoga has been directed at a variety of other conditions – metabolic syndrome or pain syndromes – but there's also a reason to think that it could help for incontinence as well.”
While fertility treatments have helped many people become parents, they commonly result in multiple births, increasing the risk of prematurity, and leading to lifelong complications. But this doesn't have to be the case, according to Yale School of Medicine researchers and their colleagues, who recommend sweeping changes to policy and clinical practice in a study published in the April issue of Fertility & Sterility.
News outlets begin to analyze the wealth of information now available as a result of Wednesday's release by the Centers of Medicare & Medicaid Services of a trove of payment records. They also note the limits.
The information will include data on what services doctors used, the average amount they charged Medicare and what they were paid. Doctors have fought such disclosures in the past.
Quality care initiative combines the power of information technology with evidence-based medicine to improve patient outcomes
Men prescribed cholesterol-lowering statins may have an extra reason to take their medication, according to research linking statins to improved sexual function.
If you're uninsured, now's the time to buy a plan. March 31 is the end of the annual open enrollment period when people who don’t have coverage through their employers can sign up on or off their state’s marketplace
Stroke survivors who consistently control their blood pressure may reduce the likelihood of a second stroke by more than half, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal "Stroke."
In a novel collaboration, Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH), Seattle-based Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and Mars, Incorporated plan to partner on the largest research trial to date that will investigate the heart health benefits of cocoa flavanols.
According to the Alzheimer's Association 2014 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures report released today, a woman’s estimated lifetime risk of developing Alzheimer’s at age 65 is 1 in 6, compared with nearly 1 in 11 for a man.
A new study suggests that Alzheimer's disease may contribute to close to as many deaths in the United States as heart disease or cancer.
Dr. Eric Topol, a cardiologist at the Scripps Clinic in San Diego, knows when his patients’ hearts are racing or their blood pressure is on the rise, even if they’re sitting at home.
New diagnosis guidelines for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) issued by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) may reduce by almost one third the total number of people being diagnosed, according to research from Columbia University School of Nursing.
A knee or hip joint replacement may provide a surprising benefit: better heart health.
In the largest, most comprehensive, nationwide study to examine the prevalence of allergies from early childhood to old age, scientists from the National Institutes of Health report that allergy prevalence is the same across different regions of the United States, except in children 5 years and younger.
Under new U.S. guidelines on school lunches, low-income students are eating more fruits and vegetables, according to a new study.
Infant sleep machines can be used to mask environmental noises in busy households or to provide ambient noise to soothe an infant during sleep, but they can also contribute to babies’ hearing loss.
Babies born to women who suffer a fever early in pregnancy may have a slightly increased risk of certain birth defects, a new review finds.
Forgetfulness, confusion, or having trouble remembering a name or word can be a normal part of life. But when thinking problems or unusual behavior starts to interfere with everyday activities—such as working, preparing meals, or handling finances—it’s time to see a doctor.
Acne can come and go throughout one’s life, from the teen years all the way through middle age.
The risk of a kidney donor developing kidney failure in the remaining organ is much lower than in the population at large, even when compared with people who have two kidneys, according to results of new Johns Hopkins research.
For the first time, guidelines have been developed for preventing stroke in women.
Women who take aspirin daily may reduce their risk of ovarian cancer by 20 percent, according to a study by scientists at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health.
A new drug to help protect the public against two bioterrorism threats and provide a new option to treat antibiotic-resistant infections will advance in development under a public-private partnership, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) announced today.
Medical associations widely recommend that women visit their obstetricians and primary care doctors shortly after giving birth, but slightly fewer than half make or keep those postpartum appointments, according to a study by Johns Hopkins researchers.
Guide on treating teen substance abuse and online education for healthcare providers now available.
Baby fat may not be as cute as it looks, new research suggests.
Children improved their understanding of stroke symptoms and what to do if they witness a stroke after playing a 15-minute stroke education video game, according to new research reported in the American Heart Association journal, "Stroke."
China's steady rise in H7N9 avian flu cases continued over the past 3 days, with 14 new cases from five provinces, as the latest test results in poultry showed a conflicting picture of the virus on farms, including positive samples found today in birds sent to Hong Kong.
The new health-care law encourages people to get the preventive services they need by requiring that most health plans cover cancer screenings, contraceptives and vaccines, among other things, without charging patients anything out of pocket.
Approximately 5.6 million American children alive today – or one out of every 13 children under age 18 – will die prematurely from smoking-related diseases unless current smoking rates drop, according to a new Surgeon General’s report.
DNA might be a key factor in excessive physical aggression in toddlers, a new Canadian study suggests.
Feeling a little fat after the holidays? Beware. Reading a news story that seems to devalue people who are overweight might make you more likely to reach for snacks to soothe your anxiety.
Accidental burns can happen just about anywhere in your home, and they’re not always caused by fire.
FDA is recommending health care professionals discontinue prescribing and dispensing prescription combination drug products that contain more than 325 milligrams (mg) of acetaminophen per tablet, capsule or other dosage unit.
Keck Medicine of USC has become the world’s first medical center to implant a responsive brain device newly approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat epilepsy. It has the potential to help millions of people worldwide.
Major food companies are keeping their word by removing 6.4 trillion calories from the U.S. marketplace in an effort to promote healthy weight, a new report says.
Wouldn’t it be nice if treatments and preventive care could be designed just for you?
Having shingles may increase the risk of having a stroke years later, according to research published in the January 2, 2014, online issue of "Neurology," the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
The greater your anxiety level, the higher your risk of having a stroke, according to new research published in the American Heart Association journal, "Stroke."
Scientists used a novel approach to identify dozens of genes that may contribute to Parkinson’s disease.
More than half of all sexually active people get a genital infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) at some point in their lives, but most never know it.
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Kathleen Sebelius announced additional steps to help ensure consumers who are seeking health insurance through the Health Insurance Marketplace smoothly transition to coverage that best fits their needs.
Three major types of smoking cessation therapies don’t increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, or heart-related death, according to research published in the American Heart Association journal "Circulation."
Stroke deaths in the United States have declined dramatically in recent decades due to improved treatment and prevention, according to a scientific statement published in the American Heart Association journal Stroke.
With increased penalties in effect for hospitals with excessive readmissions for heart attack and heart failure, the ACC is launching a program that applies a team approach to keeping patients at home and healthy after discharge.
Pregnancy rates continue to decline in the United States, a federal report released Thursday shows.
The notion that some people can be overweight or obese and still remain healthy is a myth, according to a new Canadian study.
More women are beating breast cancer these days, in part because of improved treatments and screening. When abnormal tissue or cancer is found in its early stages, it may be easier to treat.
Many primary care pediatricians say they feel uncomfortable providing health care to patients with genetic disorders.
Human error is the most common cause of infant asphyxiation at birth, according to a new Norwegian study.
Many kids don’t run as far or fast as their parents did, according to research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2013.
A promising technology may enable doctors to diagnose and possibly treat in utero a common cause of stillbirth and sudden death in infants, according to research published in the American Heart Association journal "Circulation."
The Healthcare Association of New York State (HANYS) issued a unique report that evaluates ten prominent government, not-for-profit, and for-profit hospital report cards. HANYS' review found a wide variation in the methodologies and results.
Reporting on a small preliminary study, Johns Hopkins researchers say a simple blood test based on detection of tiny epigenetic alterations may reveal the earliest signs of pancreatic cancer, a disease that is nearly always fatal because it isn’t usually discovered until it has spread to other parts of the body.
A study comparing the faces of identical twins confirms what many smokers fear -- the habit does prematurely age a person's skin, taking a serious toll on looks even after just five years.
Children and teens who spend twice as much time playing organized sports -- especially a single sport -- than they do in free play are more likely to be injured, according to new research.
NIH-funded scientists have been working to uncover the secrets of autism.
University of Michigan health system study shows wide variation in surgeons' skills.
A specific genetic variant might help explain why eating red and processed meat is associated with an increased risk of colon cancer, a small, new study contends.
Studies of substance abuse by truckers show varying results, but at least some drivers turn to alcohol or illicit drugs while behind the wheel, a new review finds.
Opening school playgrounds and indoor spaces to communities can help young people be more active.
The majority of Americans inaccurately believe miscarriage is rare and misunderstand its causes, creating an often isolating and guilt-ridden experience for those who experience it. These are the findings in the first-ever national survey to assess attitudes and perceptions towards miscarriage, which was conducted by researchers at Montefiore Medical Center and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University.
A new survey commissioned by the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association found that many people who care for family or friends at high risk for stroke don’t know the potentially life-saving warning signs.
Three projects have been awarded funding by the National Institutes of Health to develop innovative robots that work cooperatively with people and adapt to changing environments to improve human capabilities and enhance medical procedures.
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease are at an increased risk of stroke and heart attack according to a new study presented by Mayo Clinic researchers at the American College of Gastroenterology's Annual Scientific Meeting, Oct. 11–16, in San Diego.
Classroom-tested kit empowers educators to teach hundreds of students CPR.
Classroom naps can enhance memory and support learning in preschool children, a new study showed. The results might help educators make informed decisions about allotting time for naps in preschools.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is investigating an increasing frequency of reports of serious and life-threatening blood clots and severe narrowing of blood vessels (arteries and veins) of patients taking the leukemia chemotherapy drug Iclusig (ponatinib).
Obese people taking narcotics for chronic pain actually increased their use of prescription painkillers following bariatric surgery intended to reduce their weight and relieve their pain, a new study shows.
To pinpoint why depression messes with memory, researchers took a page from Sesame Street's book.
Healthcare providers should treat unhealthy behaviors as aggressively as they treat high blood pressure, cholesterol and other heart disease risk factors, according to an American Heart Association science advisory published in "Circulation."
What makes some people more prone to wedded bliss or sorrow than others? Researchers at UC Berkeley and Northwestern University have found a major clue in our DNA. A gene involved in the regulation of serotonin can predict how much our emotions affect our relationships, according to a new study that may be the first to link genetics, emotions, and marital satisfaction.
Younger adults with colorectal cancer that has spread (metastasized) to other areas of the body have a higher risk of disease progression and death than middle-aged patients, a new study finds.
When you reach for that bottle of vitamin C or fish oil pills, you might wonder how well they’ll work and if they’re safe. The first thing to ask yourself is whether you need them in the first place.
A little-used class of antidepressants appears potentially effective in combating a particularly deadly form of lung cancer, according to a new study from researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
A new report released by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) finds that in state after state, consumers will see increased competition in the Health Insurance Marketplace, leading to new and affordable choices for consumers.
An experimental vaccine given to monkeys triggered a lasting immune attack that eliminated all traces of an AIDS-causing virus after a year or more. The finding points to a possible new strategy in the search for an effective AIDS vaccine.
People who are married when diagnosed with cancer live longer than those who are not, report researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital.
New research from Johns Hopkins suggests that it may not be the steroids in spinal shots that provide relief from lower back pain, but the mere introduction of any of a number of fluids, such as anesthetics and saline, to the space around the spinal cord.
New evidence suggests that taking vitamin B supplements may help reduce the risk of stroke. The research appears in the September 18, 2013, online issue of Neurology®
A new study suggests that people with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are perceived to appear more alert, more youthful and more attractive after at least two months of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy.
Antibiotic resistance is a quickly growing, extremely dangerous problem. World health leaders have described antibiotic-resistant bacteria as "nightmare bacteria" that "pose a catastrophic threat" to people in every country in the world.
Children with one or more high blood pressure readings were about three times more likely to develop the condition as adults, in a study presented at the American Heart Association High Blood Pressure Research Scientific Sessions 2013.
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) released a list of specific tests or procedures that are commonly ordered but not always necessary in orthopaedics as part of the "Choosing Wisely®" campaign, an initiative of the ABIM Foundation.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved a new use for Botox Cosmetic (onabotulinumtoxinA) for the temporary improvement in the appearance of moderate to severe lines, known as crow's feet, in adults.
A Kansas State University microbiologist has found a breakthrough herbal medicine treatment for a common human fungal pathogen that lives in almost 80 percent of people.
A new Joint Commission Speak Up™ video, “Speak Up: at Home," released today, shows people who need medical care at home how to make the most of their experience and protect their health.
A large-scale program for controlling high blood pressure in a California health care system could help pave the way for improving blood pressure control in the general population.
One of the health care overhaul's most far-reaching provisions prohibits health plans from refusing to cover people who are sick or charging them higher premiums. Still, for people with serious medical conditions, the online health insurance marketplaces present new wrinkles that could have significant financial impact.
The United States faces a cancer care crisis because of its aging population, rising health costs, complexity of care and a shrinking pool cancer care workers, a new report warns.
Scientists identified signs in blood that might help doctors identify people with suicidal feelings and thoughts. The discovery could lead to more effective interventions.
In a series of studies, researchers found that both U.S. football and French soccer fans seem to consume extra fat and sugar in the wake of their favorite team's loss. Experts said depressed fans may be using comfort food as a way to deal with their emotions -- a tactic familiar to many people, sports lovers or not.
A study estimates that total annual costs for five major health care-associated infections (HAIs) were $9.8 billion, with surgical site infections contributing the most to overall costs, according to a report published by "JAMA Internal Medicine," a JAMA Network publication.
More than 200,000 preventable deaths from heart disease and stroke occurred in the United States in 2010, according to a new Vital Signs report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
A variety of factors can make it difficult for women to maintain a healthy weight during pregnancy. But recent NICHD supported research affirms the importance of not gaining too much weight during pregnancy to reduce the risk for complications.
A new type of defibrillator implanted under the skin can detect dangerously abnormal heart rhythms and deliver shocks to restore a normal heartbeat without wires touching the heart, according to research in the American Heart Association journal, "Circulation."
This Fall, many young Americans will have more health insurance options available to them than ever before as the Affordable Care Act (ACA) begins allowing individuals to enroll in new subsidized health insurance plans. Young Invincibles and the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services have created a competition...
Testing for certain proteins in spinal fluid may help doctors diagnose Parkinson's disease earlier and determine how fast the movement disorder is likely to advance, according to new research.
Over the last few years, there has been explosive growth in non-surgical cosmetic procedures, often performed in retail or spa-like settings. Unlike physician offices where clinicians oversee the treatment and maintain medical records...
A candidate malaria vaccine is safe and protects against infection in adults, according to the results of an early-stage clinical trial.
Eating more fruit may decrease your risk of suffering a dangerous vascular condition, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal "Circulation." In a Swedish study, people who reported eating more than two servings of fruit daily had a lower risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm than those who ate the least amount of fruit.
One way for recently discharged heart failure patients to boost their survival odds is to see a doctor within the first month after leaving the hospital, a new study finds.
Many people love the warm summer months. But hot and humid days can sometimes be dangerous.
In a study reported in the American Heart Association journal "Hypertension," researchers said retinal imaging may someday help assess if you’re more likely to develop a stroke — the nation’s No. 4 killer and a leading cause of disability.
Despite the rise in fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization, infertility rates have actually decreased among U.S. women of childbearing age, a government report released Wednesday shows.
Anthony Stokes will get a chance at a new heart. According to Stokes' family, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta at Egleston reversed course this afternoon and has agreed to add the 15-year-old to its donor list. The decision comes days after the hospital officials sent the family a letter saying Anthony would not be a good candidate for transplant because he had a "history of non-compliance."
The American Medical Association announced today that it will stop publishing "American Medical News"effective Sept. 9, 2013. AMA officials cited the decline of the business model for newspapers, including declining advertising revenues and the ongoing migration of readers to online and digital platforms as driving forces behind the decision.
Women who regularly get some fish in their diet may have a relatively lower risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, a large new study suggests.
People who were outgoing and energetic as young adults seem to be happier with their lives by the time they hit retirement age, a new study suggests.
College football players, especially linemen, may develop high blood pressure over the course of their first season, according to a small study in the American Heart Association’s journal "Circulation."
When smoking was banned from casinos in Colorado, ambulance calls to casinos in Gilpin County dropped about 20 percent, according to research reported in the American Heart Association journal "Circulation."
Scientists directed human stem cells to form networks of tiny blood vessels that can connect to the existing circulation in mice. The finding might assist future efforts to repair and regenerate tissues and organs, which need an adequate blood supply to grow and survive.
American Heart Association CEO Nancy Brown issued the following comments today on the CDC Foundation's new study released in the journal "Preventing Chronic Disease," which found smoke-free laws in nine states had no impact on restaurant and bar revenue.
Breastfeeding rates have continued to rise over the past decade, according to data released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The percent of babies breastfeeding at six months increased from 35 percent in 2000 to 49 percent in 2010...
Preoperative evaluations before facial cosmetic surgery find that about half of patients are taking herbal and other supplements, reports a study in the July issue of "Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®", the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).
Levels of certain molecules in the urine of kidney transplant recipients can provide an early sign of transplant rejection, researchers found. The noninvasive urine test could allow doctors to intervene early and protect transplanted kidneys.
Women with clot-caused strokes are less likely than men to arrive at the hospital in time to receive the best treatment, according to a European study reported in the American Heart Association journal "Stroke."
Here’s more evidence why breakfast may be the most important meal of the day.
As the number of people diagnosed with diabetes continues to grow, illegally sold products promising to prevent, treat, and even cure diabetes are flooding the marketplace.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today allowed marketing of the first medical device based on brain function to help assess attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents 6 to 17 years old. When used as part of a complete medical and psychological examination, the device can help confirm an ADHD diagnosis or a clinician's decision that further diagnostic testing should focus on ADHD or other medical or behavioral conditions that produce symptoms similar to ADHD.
he combinations of anti-HIV drugs recommended for pregnant women do not appear in general to increase their children's risk for language delay, according to a study from a National Institutes of Health research network.
The risk of elevated blood pressure among children and adolescents rose 27 percent during a thirteen-year period, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal "Hypertension."
In an effort to improve the quality of care for patients requiring medical and surgical care for vision loss, the American Academy of Ophthalmology today announced its plans to implement the nation's first comprehensive eye disease patient database.
Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Kathleen Sebelius today announced $150 million in grant awards to 1,159 health centers across the nation to enroll uninsured Americans in new health coverage options made available by the Affordable Care Act. Speaking at the Mountain Park Health Center in Phoenix, Ariz., later in the day the Secretary noted that, with these funds, health centers are expected to hire an additional 2,900 outreach and eligibility assistance workers to assist millions of people nationwide with enrollment into affordable health coverage.
A brain imaging technique may help predict whether people with major depression will respond best to treatment with psychotherapy or a commonly prescribed drug. The approach might eventually be used as a tool to identify treatments that are most likely to succeed.
"In contrast to findings in older postmenopausal women, this study tells women that taking these types of estrogen-based hormone therapies for a relatively short period of time in their early postmenopausal years may not put them at increased risk for cognitive decline over the long term," says co-author Dr. Susan Resnick of NIA. "Further, it is important to note that we did not find any cognitive benefit after long-term follow-up."
Just the thought of a child getting cancer can be frightening and overwhelming. But while cancer can be life threatening, there’s encouraging news.
Aspirin and related drugs may fight cancer by lowering rates of DNA mutation, a small new study suggests.
A new study looking at the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in girls and women before and after the introduction of the HPV vaccine shows a significant reduction in vaccine-type HPV in U.S. teens.
Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Kathleen Sebelius announced nearly $32 million in grants for efforts to identify and enroll children eligible for Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP).
There really is such a thing as tick spit – that is, the saliva of a tick. And there’s something about it that might help fight heart disease and stroke.
Non-invasive brain stimulation may help stroke survivors recover speech and language function, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal "Stroke."
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) voted today, 13 to 0, in favor of recommending FluBlok during the 2013-2014 influenza season for vaccination of persons 18 through 49 years of age with egg allergy of any severity.
Add another hazard to the long list of reasons not to smoke during pregnancy: Children exposed to tobacco smoke in the womb may be at higher risk for hearing loss.
Your brain is your body’s command center. Its soft, sensitive tissues float in a cushioning fluid within the hard and sturdy skull.
There is widespread anti-obesity bias among medical students, although many are unaware of it, according to a study in the May issue of "Academic Medicine."
A panel recommends that doctors screen all patients older than 70 for the condition, which affects 5% and 10% of those in that age group.
Eating breakfast every day may help overweight women reduce their risk of diabetes, a small new study suggests.
Your feet are pretty small, considering they have to support the entire height and weight of your body. But they can cause big problems. So pay some attention to your feet.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) originally reported a shortage of some forms of doxycycline (doxycycline hyclate) and unavailability of tetracycline on January 18, 2013, caused by increased demand and manufacturing issues. FDA continues to report shortage from some, but not all, manufacturers of some dosages and forms of doxycycline hyclate and doxycycline monohydrate.
The way to a man's heart may be his wrist. More U.S. doctors are unclogging heart arteries (in men and women) by entering through the radial artery in the wrist, which is linked to less bleeding complications than the traditional route through the groin, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal "Circulation.<em>"</em>
If you know someone who's expecting a baby this summer, you have plenty of company. More babies are born in July, August, and September than in any other months of the year, according to 2010 Federal data.
Making small lifestyle changes could reduce your risk of having a stroke, according to a new study in the American Heart Association journal "Stroke."
Negative health care experiences could lead obese patients to switch primary care doctors repeatedly in search of a practice where they feel accepted, said Baltimore internist Kimberly A. Gudzune, MD, MPH.
Do you know the two simple steps of Hands-OnlyTM CPR? Then you're ready to help save a life. In recognition of National CPR Awareness Week (June 3rd - June 8th), the American Heart Association and the WellPoint Foundation have teamed up to continue the national awareness campaign and ongoing mobile tour teaching Americans how to perform Hands-Only CPR to the beat of the Bee Gees' hit "Stayin' Alive."
Costs to treat stroke are projected to more than double and the number of people having strokes may increase 20 percent by 2030, according to the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.
Having grown up with gadgets galore, young parents aren't as worried about the potentially corrosive effects of too much screen time on their offspring, a new study suggests.
Awareness of anti-smoking messages on television, radio, or billboards, or in newspapers or magazines, significantly increased the odds that current smokers intend to quit in 14 of 17 countries surveyed, according to a study released in this week's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Researchers used 3-D printing of cartilage cells and nanomaterials to create functional ears that receive radio signals. The study demonstrates that it may one day be possible to create bionic tissues and organs.
When you learn something new, the best way to remember it is to sleep on it. That’s because sleeping helps strengthen memories you’ve formed throughout the day.
Legalizing marijuana may have unintended consequences. Since medical marijuana was legalized in Colorado, more than a dozen young children have been unintentionally poisoned with the drug, researchers report.
Heavy consumption of diet soda can damage teeth as badly as methamphetamine or crack cocaine, a new study contends.
Scientists at the National Institutes of Health report they have discovered in mouse studies that a small molecule released in the spinal cord triggers a process that is later experienced in the brain as the sensation of itch.
An exploration of electronic "screen time" and sleep on mood, memory and learning was given the top Addiction Science Award at the 2013 Intel International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF)-the world's largest science competition for high school students. Projects on "bath salts" and the link between fetal alcohol exposure and diabetes take other honors.
An experimental, inexpensive iPhone application transmitted diagnostic heart images faster and more reliably than emailing photo images, according to a research study presented at the American Heart Association’s Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Scientific Sessions 2013.
Obese and overweight men and women who suffer from heartburn often report relief when they lose weight, a new study shows.
Pregnant mothers' exposure to the flu was associated with a nearly fourfold increased risk that their child would develop bipolar disorder in adulthood, in a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.
About 20 percent of U.S. adults are meeting both the aerobic and muscle strengthening components of the federal government's physical activity recommendations, according to a report published in today's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, a journal of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Living near a major road may result in reduced kidney function, which could, in turn, increase people's risk for heart attack and stroke, according to a new study.
We have so many demands on our time—jobs, family, errands—not to mention finding some time to relax. To fit everything in, we often sacrifice sleep. But sleep affects both mental and physical health. It’s vital to your well-being.
If you've ever thought that your experience with the health care system–good or bad–is very different from someone else's, you're not alone.
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have uncovered firm evidence for what many mothers have long suspected: women's brains appear to be hard-wired to respond to the cries of a hungry infant.
Only half of Americans identified as ever having had hepatitis C received follow-up testing showing that they were still infected, according to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analysis of data from a multi-area study published today in the CDC report "Vital Signs."
Today, as part of the Obama administration's work to make our health care system more affordable and accountable, Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Kathleen Sebelius announced a three-part initiative that for the first time gives consumers information on what hospitals charge. New data released today show significant variation across the country and within communities in what hospitals charge for common inpatient services.
Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a proposed order that, if finalized, would reclassify sunlamp products and require labeling to include a recommendation designed to warn young people not to use these devices.
Brain function in adults as young as 35 may decline as their heart disease risk factors increase, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal "Stroke."
A new analysis of the contents of lipstick and lip gloss may cause you to pause before puckering.
National Institutes of Health researchers used the popular anti-wrinkle agent Botox to discover a new and important role for a group of molecules that nerve cells use to quickly send messages.
Distinct patterns of brain activity are linked to greater rates of relapse among alcohol dependent patients in early recovery, a study has found. The research, supported by the National Institutes of Health, may give clues about which people in recovery from alcoholism are most likely to return to drinking.
Your kidneys aren’t very big—each is about the size of your fist—but they do important work. They keep you healthy by maintaining just the right balance of water and other substances inside your body.
Young children are at high risk for accidentally strangling themselves with window blind cords and parents need to be aware of this threat, doctors report.
Scientists bioengineered an artificial blood vessel by seeding human aorta cells onto a biodegradable mesh tube. In the process, a tubular vein develops in two months as the growing cells secrete proteins and the mesh support structure dissolves. "Off-the-shelf" blood vessels could one day reduce some complications of dialysis treatment...
Alternative therapies such as aerobic exercise, resistance or strength training, and isometric hand grip exercises may help reduce your blood pressure, according to the American Heart Association.
The United States appears to be in the throes of a prescription drug abuse crisis among teens, with a new survey showing that 24 percent of high school students -- more than 5 million kids -- have abused these medications.
We’ve all had sore throats around this time of year. Your throat feels scratchy and may hurt when you swallow. What can you do to soothe a sore throat?
Could drug addiction treatment of the future be as simple as an on/off switch in the brain? A study in rats has found that stimulating a key part of the brain reduces compulsive cocaine-seeking and suggests the possibility of changing addictive behavior generally.
Women who had sufficient amounts of vitamin D were 32 percent less likely to develop fibroids than women with insufficient vitamin D, according to a study from researchers at the National Institutes of Health.
A cup of beetroot juice a day may help reduce your blood pressure, according to a small study in the American Heart Association journal "Hypertension."
American College of Physicians and Federation of State Medical Boards encourage doctors to always ‘pause before posting’ and not ‘friend’ patients in new policy paper.
A type of targeted immunotherapy induced remission in adults with an aggressive form of leukemia that had relapsed in 5 patients. The early results of this ongoing trial highlight the potential of the approach.
In a new study, chelation therapy-an unproven alternative treatment for heart disease-modestly reduced cardiovascular events in older adults who'd suffered a prior heart attack. The findings weren't conclusive but provide guidance for future research.
Mike Bosia and Steven Obranovich, of Hardwick, Vt., were married three years ago after Vermont legalized same-sex marriage. As Bosia's spouse, Obranovich is entitled to health insurance through Bosia's employer, Saint Michael's College in Colchester.
When the Affordable Care Act was signed into law 3 years ago, many Americans paid attention to popular features like letting young adults stay on their parents' health insurance until age 26 or closing the "donut hole" gap for Medicare prescription drugs.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Diclegis (doxylamine succinate and pyridoxine hydrochloride) to treat pregnant women experiencing nausea and vomiting.
A new study gives insight into how resveratrol-a compound found in grapes, red wine and nuts-may ward off several age-related diseases. The findings could help in the development of drugs to curtail some of the health problems that arise as we get older.
Researchers gained new insight into how an immune cell involved in several autoimmune disorders is regulated. Among their findings was a potential link with salt consumption.
A simple breath test may be able to tell if you are overweight or will be in the future, a new study suggests.
Energy drinks may increase blood pressure and disturb your heart’s natural rhythm, according to research presented at the American Heart Association’s Epidemiology and Prevention/Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism 2013 Scientific Sessions.
Norovirus is now the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis among children less than 5 years of age who seek medical care, according to a new study published in the "New England Journal of Medicine."
Following the American Heart Association’s Life's Simple 7 steps to reduce your risk for heart disease can also help prevent cancer, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal "Circulation."
Major mental disorders traditionally thought to be distinct share certain genetic glitches, according to a new study. The finding may point to better ways to diagnose and treat these conditions.
An international group of researchers discovered 7 regions of the human genome associated with an increased risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness. The findings may eventually lead to new treatment and prevention approaches to AMD.
Green tea and coffee may help lower your risks of having a stroke, especially when both are a regular part of your diet. People who drank either green tea or coffee daily had about approximately 20~30 percent lower risk for one type of stroke, compared to those who seldom drank them.
A family of bacteria has become increasingly resistant to last-resort antibiotics during the past decade, and more hospitalized patients are getting lethal infections that, in some cases, are impossible to cure.
A new study revealed the patterns of brain activity that produce human speech. The findings may one day lead to new approaches for treating speech disorders.
Children who drink sugar-sweetened beverages consume more calories than other children and the beverages are the main reason for that higher calorie intake, a new study reveals.
Starting new behaviors to improve our health can be a challenge. Too often, our health care system doesn't help us learn the skills we need to stay healthy.
A two-year-old child born with HIV infection and treated with antiretroviral drugs beginning in the first days of life no longer has detectable levels of virus using conventional testing despite not taking HIV medication for 10 months, according to findings presented today at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Atlanta.
Targeting CPR education in high-risk neighborhoods could increase the number of bystanders giving CPR and decrease deaths from cardiac arrest, according to a new American Heart Association scientific statement published in its journal "Circulation."
One in six people worries that they're sick even though their symptoms don't signal disease, and often these patients aren't swayed by tests that show they're fine, Scottish researchers report.
The American Board of Internal Medicine, as part of its "Choosing Wisely" campaign, expanded the number of medical societies recommending caution before certain tests and procedures are ordered.
The coffee or other caffeinated beverages a woman drinks during her pregnancy might up the odds for a low birth weight newborn or an extended pregnancy, a new study says.
The number of women aware that heart disease is the leading cause of death has nearly doubled in the last 15 years, but that knowledge still lags in minorities and younger women, according to a new study in the American Heart Association journal "Circulation."
New findings reveal a connection between sleep and memory, and shed light on why forgetfulness is common in the elderly.
High blood pressure - even once or twice during routine medical care - can signal substantially higher risks of heart and kidney disease and diabetes, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal "Circulation."
Telling your young children that they are smart may not be all that wise. A new study found that it's probably not helpful for parents to shower their young daughters or sons with commentary meant to boost self-esteem.
Less sodium in the U.S. diet could save 280,000 to 500,000 lives over 10 years, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal "Hypertension."
Central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in newborns were reduced by 58 percent in less than a year in hospital neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) participating in an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality patient safety program.
The benefits of electronic health records (EHRs) may become more widely available to children through an EHR format for children's health care announced today by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS).
As the days get shorter, many people find themselves feeling sad. You might feel blue around the winter holidays, or get into a slump after the fun and festivities have ended.
During American Heart Month in February 2013, The Heart Truth campaign of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) will celebrate the stories of women taking action to protect their hearts and who are inspiring and motivating others to make heart-healthy lifestyle changes.
A new computed tomography (CT) scanner substantially reduces potentially harmful radiation while still improving overall image quality. National Institutes of Health researchers, along with engineers at Toshiba Medical Systems, worked on the scanner.
Researchers gained new insight into how genetics may influence obesity by studying how the mouse equivalent of a fast-food diet affects different mouse strains. The findings may help explain why some people gain weight more easily than others.
Older adults are more likely than younger ones to perceive dishonest faces as trustworthy, according to a new study of social judgments and brain activity.
Many hospitalized children can survive cardiac arrest after prolonged CPR, according to new research in "Circulation," an American Heart Association journal.
Utah Super Doctors® 2013 honoree Bradley J. Katz, MD offers new hope to migraine sufferers
When doctors, nurses and other hospital operating room staff follow a written safety checklist to respond when a patient experiences cardiac arrest, severe allergic reaction, bleeding followed by an irregular heart beat or other crisis during surgery, they are nearly 75 percent less likely to miss a critical clinical step, according to a new study funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
Binge drinking is a dangerous behavior that can lead to tragic circumstances. It's not often recognized as a women's health problem but nearly 14 million U.S. women binge drink about three times a month, and consume an average of six drinks per binge, according to a Vital Signs report released today from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
A liquid therapy placed underneath the tongues of people with peanut allergy can reduce their sensitivity to peanuts, a new study found.
Eating three or more servings of blueberries and strawberries per week may help women reduce their risk of a heart attack by as much as one-third, researchers reported in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.
Because of the Affordable Care Act, millions of Americans will be newly eligible to receive quality, affordable health care through Medicaid and the new health insurance marketplaces (also known as the Exchanges) in 2014.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today announced it is requiring the manufacturers of Ambien, Ambien CR, Edluar and Zolpimist, widely used sleep drugs that contain the active ingredient zolpidem, to lower current recommended doses.
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have identified proteins that allow muscle cells in mice to form from the fusion of the early stage cells that give rise to the muscle cells. The findings have implications for understanding how to repair and rehabilitate muscle tissue and to understanding other processes involving cell fusion.
"Americans reported having on average more than four of the seven risk factors for heart disease. We also found large disparities by age, sex, race/ethnicity and levels of education,"said Jing Fang, M.D., M.S., an epidemiologist with the CDC's Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention in Atlanta, Ga.
For people who smoke cigarettes, the New Year is a popular time to try to quit. And it's no wonder why.
Sodium – the everyday meal offender that might make your face feel puffy and your jeans look, and feel, tighter. Did you know that by reducing your sodium intake during a three week period you can change your sodium palate and start enjoying foods with less sodium?
Influenza activity continues to increase in the United States and most of the country is now experiencing high levels of influenza-like-illness (ILI), according to CDC's latest FluView report.
Two new studies show the potential of a genomic technique to help spot abnormalities in fetuses that conventional methods can't. One research team used the technology in prenatal testing.
Hospitalized children who suffer cardiac arrest are nearly three times more likely to survive than they were about a decade ago, and no more likely to suffer brain impairment, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal "Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality & Outcomes."
As the New Year gets closer, it's a good time to think about how to stay healthy in 2013.
About 42 percent of the nation's 1 million physicians are older than 55 and 21 percent are older than 65, according to the American Medical Association, up from 35 percent and 18 percent, respectively, in 2006.
The Leapfrog Group announced its annual list of Top Hospitals at its Annual Meeting. The Top Hospital designation, which is the most competitive national hospital quality award in the country, recognizes hospitals that deliver the highest quality care by preventing medical errors, reducing mortality for high-risk procedures like heart bypass surgery, and reducing hospital readmissions for patients being treated for conditions like pneumonia and heart attack.
Scientists were able to forecast seasonal flu outbreaks using an approach common to weather prediction. The accomplishment lays the groundwork for systems to help public officials better predict and prepare for outbreaks.
Many people associate massage with vacations or spas and consider them something of a luxury. But research is beginning to suggest this ancient form of hands-on healing may be more than an indulgence—may help improve your health.
Reports of severe intoxication and dangerous health effects associated with use of bath salts have made these drugs a serious and growing public health and safety issue.
Young people between the ages of 13 and 24 represent more than a quarter of new HIV infections each year (26 percent) and most of these youth living with HIV (60 percent) are unaware they are infected.
Social media may be an effective tool to help children overcome obesity, according to a new American Heart Association scientific statement.
A little physical activity can go a long way toward extending your life, regardless of your weight, a new study found. People who walked briskly or did other activity at only half the recommended amount gained nearly 2 years in life expectancy compared to inactive people.
Adults 18-24 years old with high blood pressure were 28 percent less likely to be diagnosed during doctor visits than those 60 and older, according to findings presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2012.
Short-term memories are stored as synchronized signals between 2 key brain hubs, according to a new study in monkeys. The findings show for the first time how the brain stores visual information for working memory tasks.
Staying active is usually a good thing. But the motivation to move goes to unwelcome extremes for people with restless legs syndrome.
Thirty of America’s 50 largest cities are now covered by laws that prohibit smoking in all indoor areas of private workplaces, restaurants, and bars, according to a study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and the American Heart Association (AHA) today announced an ambitious collaboration to reverse the nation's childhood obesity epidemic by 2015.
By keeping a healthy diet in the years after pregnancy, women who develop diabetes during pregnancy can greatly reduce their risk for type 2 diabetes, a new study found. About 5% of pregnant women nationwide develop high blood sugar levels even though they didn't have diabetes before pregnancy.
Women with migraines did not appear to experience a decline in cognitive ability over time compared to those who didn't have them, according to a nine-year follow up study funded by the National Institutes of Health.
Health and Human Services (HHS) today announced the launch of BeTobaccoFree.gov, a comprehensive website providing one-stop access to the best and most up-to-date tobacco-related information from across its agencies. This consolidated resource includes general information on tobacco, federal and state laws and policies, health statistics, and evidence-based methods on how to quit.
Eating too many salty foods can create all sorts of health problems, including high blood pressure. But did you know a lot of common foods are packed with excess sodium? It's not just the french fries and potato chips you need to be careful with.
Risk of ischemic stroke increases by nearly 4.7-fold and hemorrhagic stroke 4.4-fold during the first two weeks after total hip replacement surgery, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal "Stroke."
Cardiac stem cells may one day be an effective treatment for heart failure caused by muscle scarring after a heart attack, according to late-breaking clinical trial results presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2012.
This finding comes from the first-ever safety, or Phase I, clinical study of gene therapy in a human salivary gland. Its results, published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, also show that the transferred gene, Aquaporin-1, has great potential to help head and neck cancer survivors who battle with chronic dry mouth.
A new technique can distinguish between different types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and track disease progression. The method could allow for more accurate diagnoses and lead to more effective treatments for COPD.
Regular physical activity may help older people reduce their chances of getting dementia.
Smoke-free legistlation was associated with substantially fewer hospitalizations and deaths from heart and respiratory diseases, according to research in the American Heart Association journal Circulation<em>.</em>
The Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices voted October 24th, 14 to 0, with one abstention, to recommend that providers of prenatal care implement a Tdap immunization program for all pregnant women.
The National Institutes of Health's Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR), today released four videos highlighting outstanding behavioral and social science research on mindless eating, risk-taking, diabetes management, and the evolution of skin pigmentation.
The use of antibacterial soap and ointment on all intensive care patients led to a significant reduction in bloodstream infections, a new study shows. The findings suggest that a major change in health care practice could help save lives, according to the researchers.
Exercise and healthy eating reduce body fat and preserve muscle in adults better than diet alone, according to a study funded and conducted by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. The study was recently published online in Obesity and will be in a future print edition.
A hospital stroke team used auto industry "lean" manufacturing principles to accelerate treatment times, according to new research in the American Heart Association's journal <em>Stroke. </em>In a prospective observational study, the average time between patients arriving at Barnes-Jewish Hospital in St. Louis, Mo., and receiving the clot-busting agent tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), decreased 21 minutes using process improvement techniques adapted from auto manufacturing.
A free source of evidence-based information for health care professionals and for researchers studying liver injury associated with prescription and over-the-counter drugs, herbals, and dietary supplements is now available from the National Institutes of Health. Researchers and health care professionals can use the LiverTox database to identify basic and clinical research questions to be answered and to chart optimal ways to diagnose and control drug-induced liver injury.
Language barriers may help explain why Hispanic women in the United States are less likely than white women to receive an epidural for pain relief during childbirth, a new study finds.
The percentage of teens in high school (aged 16 and older) who drove when they had been drinking alcohol decreased by 54 percent between 1991 and 2011, according to a Vital Signs study released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Nine out of 10 high school teens (aged 16 and older) did not drink and drive during 2011.
By sticking to a healthy diet in the years after pregnancy, women who develop diabetes during pregnancy can greatly reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes, a study supported by the National Institutes of Health has found.
Doctors, nurses, and other staff have always depended on each other to provide high-quality care to patients. Now they're learning how to apply specific teamwork principles to produce better and safer care.
Gene therapy can safely restore immune function in children with severe combined immunodeficiency and allow some to stop taking painful weekly injections. The finding, from a small clinical trial, offers hope for children born with this deadly condition.
"[Humans] have this enormous capacity to learn, and the arts are so intrinsic within us that even with dementia we still retain that ability for imagination and creativity," added Gay Hanna, executive director of the National Center for Creative Aging, in Washington, D.C.
Stressed-out, type A personalities may be more likely to suffer a stroke than their mellow counterparts, a new Spanish study suggests.
People who cooked with a blend of sesame and rice bran oils saw a significant drop in blood pressure and improved cholesterol levels, according to new research presented at the American Heart Association's High Blood Pressure Research 2012 Scientific Sessions.
For people who already have high blood pressure, insomnia can have serious consequences, according to a new study presented at the American Heart Association's High Blood Pressure Research 2012 Scientific Sessions.
The American Heart Association says a new study examining the connection between sodium intake and the blood pressure in U.S. children and teens points to the urgent need to limit salt in foods consumed by young people.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is more effective than electrocardiography (ECG) at identifying "silent" heart attacks, also known as unrecognized myocardial infarctions, according to a study performed by National Institutes of Health researchers and international colleagues.
"Whether someone is in the hospital and ready to be discharged, or living at home but needing additional care, an options counselor can help them evaluate their needs and sift through the options available in their community to create a plan that meets their needs," says Secretary Sebelius.
The majority of people with high blood pressure are being treated with medicine and have seen a doctor at least twice in the past year, yet their condition is still not under control, according to a new Vital Signs report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Taking vitamin D supplements to compensate for vitamin D deficiency didn't improve cholesterol - at least in the short term, according to new research in "Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology," an American Heart Association journal.
The activity of a single gene sets in motion some of the brain changes seen in depression, according to a new study. The finding suggests a promising target for potential therapies.
Smoking greatly increases the risk of potentially fatal brain bleeding caused by a burst aneurysm, a new study warns.
More patients are revived and survive cardiac arrest when treated in hospitals that generally perform resuscitation efforts for a longer amount of time, according to a new study published in Lancet.
Women with breast cancer who are treated with the cancer drug Herceptin may have more long-term cardiac problems than experts have thought, new research suggests.
A disproportionately high number of children with neurologic disorders died from influenza-related complications during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, according to a study by scientists with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The stresses of poverty - such as crowded conditions, financial worry, and lack of adequate child care - lead to impaired learning ability in children from impoverished backgrounds, according to a theory by a researcher funded by the National Institutes of Health. The theory is based on several years of studies matching stress hormone levels to behavioral and school readiness test results in young children from impoverished backgrounds.
Superheroes and other popular kids' characters have been used to sell junk food, candy and other sugary treats to children for decades, but new research shows they also can be used to promote healthier eating habits.
Parents often assume that time spent with their kids will dwindle in adolescence. But a new study suggests that while teens try to avoid spending a lot of time with their parents and friends together, private parent-child encounters may actually increase during these critical years.
Three specific species of mold were more common in the homes of babies who later developed asthma. The finding highlights the importance of preventing water damage and mold growth in households with infants.
A new study shows that pregnancy alters microbe populations in the gut. The interactions with these microbes cause metabolic changes that likely help the pregnant mother and developing baby.
All U.S. baby boomers should get a one-time test for the hepatitis C virus, according to final recommendations published today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. One in 30 baby boomers - the generation born from 1945 through 1965 - has been infected with hepatitis C, and most don't know it.
People with blood type A, B, or AB had a higher risk for coronary heart disease when compared to those with blood type O, according to new research published in "Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology," an American Heart Association journal.
The harmless bacteria that thrive on the skin can help immune cells fight disease-causing microbes, according to a new study in mice. The finding gives new insight into skin health.
Babies and toddlers fed a healthy diet may have slightly higher IQs by the time they are 8 years old than children fed less healthy foods at a young age, according to a new study.
There's more evidence that watching violent or age-inappropriate images on TV, in movies or on computers can significantly disrupt children's sleep.
Sixty-two percent of adults say they walked for at least once for 10 minutes or more in the previous week in 2010, compared to 56 percent in 2005, according to a new Vital Signs report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is urging people to take steps to prevent West Nile virus infections. Outbreaks of West Nile virus disease occur each summer in the United States. This year, some areas of the country are experiencing earlier and greater activity.
For many children, August marks the end of summer vacation and the return to school. For parents, it's a good time to make sure their children are up to date on vaccines-or shots-that prevent serious diseases.
Fewer sudden cardiac arrest survivors had neurologic impairment after a novel regional system of care was implemented, according to research published in "Circulation," an American Heart Association journal.
Group yoga can improve balance in stroke survivors who no longer receive rehabilitative care, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal "Stroke." In a small pilot study, researchers tested the potential benefits of yoga among chronic stroke survivors - those whose stroke occurred more than six months earlier.
The first study of a procedure to make three-dimensional "maps" of electrical signals in children's hearts could help cardiologists correct rapid heart rhythms in young patients, according to new research presented at the American Heart Association's Basic Cardiovascular Sciences 2012 Scientific Sessions.
The infant mortality rate, the preterm birth rate, and the adolescent birth rate all continued to decline, average mathematics scores increased for 4th and 8th grade students, the violent crime victimization rate among youth fell, as did the percentage of young children living in a home where someone smoked, according to the federal government's annual statistical report on the well-being of the nation's children and youth.
Damaged and aged heart tissue of older heart failure patients was rejuvenated by stem cells modified by scientists, according to research presented at the American Heart Association's Basic Cardiovascular Sciences 2012 Scientific Sessions. The research could one day lead to new treatments for heart failure patients, researchers said.
Most children exposed to high levels of alcohol in the womb do not develop the distinct facial features seen in fetal alcohol syndrome, but instead show signs of abnormal intellectual or behavioral development, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and researchers in Chile.
Evidence is mounting that exercise provides some protection from memory loss and Alzheimer's disease, with three new studies showing that a variety of physical activities are associated with healthier brains in older adults. One study found that normally sedentary older adults who walked at a moderate pace three times a week for a year boosted the size of the brain region involved with memory.
Giving children and adolescents with egg allergy small but increasing daily doses of egg white powder holds the possibility of developing into a way to enable some of them to eat egg-containing foods without having allergic reactions, according to a study supported by the National Institutes of Health.
People who are born deaf process the sense of touch differently than people who are born with normal hearing, according to research funding by the National Institutes of Health. The finding reveals how the early loss of a sense - in this case hearing - affects brain development. It adds to a growing list of discoveries that confirm the impact of experiences and outside influences in molding the developing brain.
The mix of carbohydrate, fat and protein in your diet may be a critical factor in maintaining weight loss, a new study reports. The finding suggests that, to the body, not all calories are created equal.
Measuring creatinine and cystatin C - two markers for chronic kidney disease (CKD) - more precisely estimates kidney function than either marker alone, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. Results appear in the July 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
Stroke patients receive faster treatment when emergency medical services (EMS) personnel notify hospitals a possible stroke patient is en route. However, emergency personnel fail to alert hospitals of incoming stroke patients in nearly one-third of cases.
A preventable medical error happened when Michelle Malizzo Ballog had surgery in 2008. Worse, it was followed by tragedy-her death at age 39. Officials at the University of Illinois Hospital in Chicago didn't dodge questions or have the family talk to the hospital's lawyers. Instead, the officials looked into their hunch that a fatal error occurred during Ms. Ballog's surgery... The hospital changed its process for giving anesthesia so the same error wouldn't happen again.
Young children with allergies to milk or eggs had allergic reactions to these and other foods more often than expected, a new study reports. The researchers also found that less than a third of the children with severe allergic reactions were given epinephrine, a drug that reverses symptoms and can save lives.
Hot summer weather can pose special health risks to older adults. The National Institute on Aging (NIA), part of the National Institutes of Health, has some advice for helping older people avoid heat-related illnesses, known as hyperthermia.
Researchers have taken a step toward personalized medicine for Parkinson's disease, by investigating signs of the disease in patient-derived cells and testing how the cells respond to drug treatments. The study was funded by the National Institutes of Health.
Certain new crash-avoidance systems are effective in preventing car accidents, while others may do more harm than good, researchers say.
Drinking five or more cups of coffee a day may cut in half a woman's chance of successful in vitro fertilization treatment, a new study contends.
Residents of homes that are located near congested highways have higher rates of asthma, new research finds.
A structured exercise program boosted the overall health of lung transplant patients and reduced their risk of cardiovascular problems, a new study reports.
As the first major heat wave of the summer engulfs the continental United States, health experts are urging people to take special precautions when dealing with scorching temperatures and oppressive humidity.
Gastric bypass surgery reverses diabetes in many obese patients, but the disease returns in about one-fifth of them within three to five years, a new study finds.
An intervention in which adults actively engaged the attention of preschool children with autism by pointing to toys and using other gestures to focus their attention results in a long term increase in language skills, according to researchers supported by the National Institutes of Health.
Antibacterials and preservatives in products such as soap, toothpaste and mouthwash may be linked to an increased risk of allergies in children, according to a new study.
The effect of "good" cholesterol on cardiovascular disease may be more complicated than previously thought, according to a new analysis. The finding raises questions about how best to lower heart disease risk.
A treatment that cools the bodies of infants who lack sufficient oxygen at birth brings benefits that last for years, a new study confirms.
Annual cost savings in states with universal motorcycle helmet laws were nearly four times greater (per registered motorcycle) than in states without these comprehensive laws, according to a Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report study released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Universal helmet laws require that motorcycle riders and passengers wear a helmet every time they ride.
Genetics can help determine whether a person is likely to quit smoking on his or her own or need medication to improve the chances of success, according to research published in today's American Journal of Psychiatry. Researchers say the study moves health care providers a step closer to one day providing more individualized treatment plans to help patients quit smoking.
Children and young adults scanned multiple times by computed tomography (CT), a commonly used diagnostic tool, have a small increased risk of leukemia and brain tumors in the decade following their first scan. These findings are from a study of more than 175,000 children and young adults that was led by researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, and at the Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, England.
It's not good news for baby boomers with arthritic knees: Injections of hyaluronic acid have little effect on pain and no effect on function, according to a new analysis. Worse, the injections may cause serious harm, Swiss researchers found.
Researchers may have discovered a mechanism behind the largest known genetic risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease. The finding suggests possible strategies for prevention as well as a potential new drug target.
U.S. high school students have shown significant progress over the past two decades in improving many health-risk behaviors associated with the leading cause of death among youth-motor vehicle crashes-according to the 2011 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, youth are engaging in other dangerous practices such as texting and emailing while driving.
Until you or a loved one has broken a wrist or hip, it's easy to downplay the risks that come with low bone density. But these risks are serious, and the consequences can cause big life changes.Low bone density occurs when our bodies lose bone tissue faster than it can be replaced. It is a major cause of broken bones, especially at the spine, hip, and wrist. People with low bone density have either osteopenia, a mild form of this condition, or osteoporosis, a more severe type.
Genetics can help determine whether a person is likely to quit smoking on his or her own or need medication to improve the chances of success, according to research published in today's American Journal of Psychiatry. Researchers say the study moves health care providers a step closer to one day providing more individualized treatment plans to help patients quit smoking.
If your parents have high blood pressure, you can significantly lower your risk of developing the disease with moderate exercise and increased cardiovascular fitness. People with low fitness levels and hypertensive parents have a significantly higher risk for developing the disease.
A treatment to reduce the body temperatures of infants who experience oxygen deficiency at birth has benefits into early childhood, according to a follow-up study by a National Institutes of Health research network.
In a proof-of-principle study, researchers developed retinal implants that can potentially deliver images to surviving neurons in the eye and restore vision.
Paralyzed patients were able to reach and grasp objects by controlling a robotic arm with their thoughts, a new study reports. This advance may help restore some independence and improve quality of life for people who've lost the use of their limbs.
Men are more likely than women to be readmitted to the hospital within a month after being discharged, according to a new AHRQ-funded study. The risk for returning to the hospital within 30 days is higher among men who are retired, unmarried, screen positive for depression or don't visit a primary care physician for follow-up after their hospitalization, according to the study from researchers at Boston University School of Medicine.
Death rates for people with diabetes dropped substantially from 1997 to 2006, especially deaths related to heart disease and stroke, according to researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health.
Poor quality antimalarial drugs lead to drug resistance and inadequate treatment that pose an urgent threat to vulnerable populations, according to a National Institutes of Health study published in The Lancet Infectious Diseasesjournal. Emergence of malaria strains that are resistant to artemisinin drugs on the Thailand-Cambodia border make it imperative to improve the drug supply, stressed the authors.
A study in rats suggests that the mental replay of an experience is essential for making informed decisions. The work brings researchers closer to understanding how memories are represented in the brain and used to guide future behavior. This knowledge may eventually lead to new approaches for treating memory disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder.
Large structural abnormalities in chromosomes become more common with age and may be linked to increased risk for cancer, according to 2 large-scale analyses. The findings offer insights into how cancer and other disorders might emerge as people get older.
In a recent NIDA-funded study, women responded better to substance abuse treatment after their post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms improved, but reductions in substance abuse did not ease PTSD severity.
A four-week exercise program for heart-failure patients slowed muscle-wasting and improved their exercise capacity, regardless of age. The study confirms that exercise can reduce inflammation in skeletal muscle. Findings offer a possible avenue for future drug therapy to treat muscle-wasting in heart failure patients.
A new study found certain brain functions that are enhanced in teens who are fluent in more than one language. The finding gives new insight into how our senses help shape our brains.
Vision changes as people get older, but vision loss is not a normal part of aging. Common eye diseases such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) threaten millions of Americans, potentially robbing them of vision, mobility, and independence.
A combination of two diabetes drugs, metformin and rosiglitazone, was more effective in treating youth with recent-onset type 2 diabetes than metformin alone, a study funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has found. Adding an intensive lifestyle intervention to metformin provided no more benefit than metformin therapy alone.
You may already know that heart disease is the top cause of death for both men and women and is responsible for one in four deaths in the United States. It also costs more than $400 billion each year in health care services, drugs, and other expenses.
The first fully biodegradable stent inserted into humans proved safe in a 10-year study.Major cardiac complication rates were similar to rates of non-biodegradable stents and survival rates were 98 percent.Biodegradable stents could potentially eliminate many problems associated with metal stents, such as in-stent blood clots.
Study Highlights: Patients with irregular heartbeats who take anti-clotting medications are at high risk of stroke or blood clot whenever the drugs are stopped.The risks are similar whether patients are taking warfarin or a newer anti-clotting drug rivaroxaban.
A new study linked 32 novel genetic regions to bone mineral density. The findings may help researchers understand why some people are more
That "brain freeze" headache you experience when eating ice cream or other cold foods may be caused by a sudden change in brain blood flow, researchers report.What's more, the new research might point to targets to treat other, more troubling forms of headache such as migraine, the U.S. team said.
The American Heart Association has developed a program to help more people survive cardiac arrest. During a cardiac arrest, the heart stops beating, and unless it is restarted within minutes, the person usually dies.
Scientists have identified which strains of the Toxoplasma gondii parasite, the cause of toxoplasmosis, are most strongly associated with premature births and severe birth defects in the United States.
A type of exercise called pelvic floor muscle training is effective for treating adult women with urinary incontinence (the involuntary loss of urine) without risk of side effects, according to a new report from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
As a savvy consumer, you shop around and compare prices before you make a big purchase. Thanks to the Internet, information about price, quality, and opinions from others takes just a few clicks of your mouse.
A new study adds to the evidence that eating red meat on a regular basis may shorten your lifespan. The findings suggest that meat eaters might help improve their health by substituting other healthy protein sources for some of the red meat they eat.
Women take longer to give birth today than did women 50 years ago, according to an analysis of nearly 140,000 deliveries conducted by researchers at the National Institutes of Health.
A new study found that programs to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes make sound economic sense.
Nanocomplexes can be used to label transplanted cells so they can be tracked by MRI, according to a new study. In the future, the technique might be used to monitor whether transplanted immune or stem cells reach their targets.
Researchers have completed a draft sequence of the gorilla genome. Their analysis reveals that people may be more closely related to gorillas than we realized.
Pain-it's something we've all experienced. From our first skinned knee to the headaches, back pain and creaky joints as we age, pain is something we encounter many times.
If your eyes and mouth feel as dry as a desert, there are many possible causes, such as bad air quality and certain medications.
Repression of certain gene activity in the brain appears to be an early event affecting people with Alzheimer's disease, a new study found. In mouse models of Alzheimer's disease, this blockade and its effects on memory were treatable.
Researchers have finally found out how sulfa drugs-the first class of antibiotics ever discovered-work at the molecular level. The finding offers insights into designing more robust antibiotic therapies.
In a study of miners, scientists found that heavy exposure to diesel exhaust increased the risk of death from lung cancer. The risk may also extend to other workers exposed to diesel exhaust, as well as people living in urban areas with higher diesel exhaust levels.
Researchers have isolated egg-producing stem cells from the ovaries of women and observed these cells giving rise to young egg cells, or oocytes.
When asked to choose a health care provider based only on cost, consumers choose the more expensive option, according to a new study funded by HHS' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) that appears in the March issue of <em>Health Affairs</em>.
Removing polyps during colonoscopy can not only prevent colorectal cancer, but also reduce deaths from the disease for years, according to a new study.
You might think that your doctor would know if a new drug would cause bad side effects in combination with one you already take. Or that your pharmacist could tell if a prescription you thought was for Darvon, (a painkiller), really should be for Diovan (a blood pressure drug).
Some bacteria, such as those that cause cholera, use a special system to inject toxins into the cells of host organisms and other bacteria. A new
Drug delivery into muscle using an autoinjector-akin to the EpiPen used to treat serious allergic reactions-can be a fast, effective way to stop prolonged epileptic seizures.
Scientists report that a decade-old cancer drug quickly clears proteins linked to Alzheimer's disease from the brains of mice. The drug restores
People with Parkinson's disease often have problems with balance and can suffer life-threatening falls. For patients with mild to moderate cases, a
Blood levels of trans-fatty acids (TFAs) in white adults in the U.S. population decreased by 58 percent from 2000 to 2009 according to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study
Nearly all Americans consume much more sodium than they should, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most of the sodium comes from common restaurant
A study of data from over a quarter of a million people confirmed that traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as high blood
Resveratrol, a compound found most famously in grapes and red wine, seems to ward off several age-related diseases. However, its mechanism
Modern social networks, from small networks of friends and family to entire countries, are based on cooperation. Individuals donate to the group
Researchers have developed a way to direct the body's own stem cells to the outer bone to build new, strong bone tissue. The method, developed in
Men and women can seem like they're from different planets sometimes. Hormones help drive those differences. A new study shows how genes pass on the message.
A new study in mice suggests that several days on a restricted diet may help the body better cope with the stress of surgery. The findings point the
With Valentine's Day around the corner, hearts shapes are everywhere - on cards, candy, and clothing. But every day of the year, your heart plays a
February is American Heart Month-a time to reflect on the sobering fact that heart disease remains the number one killer of
Most of us feel some discomfort in our guts from time to time. It may be because we're nervous about something, or perhaps we ate something that didn't agree with
Experts recommend that older women have regular bone density tests to screen for osteoporosis. But it's been unclear how often to repeat the
Since the discovery of the microscope, scientists have tried to visualize smaller and smaller structures to provide insights into the inner workings of
A new study suggests that manganese, an essential nutrient, may prevent the deadly effects of Shiga toxin. The finding may lead to cheap, effective
A lubricating layer made of graphitic carbon naturally forms in the joints of metal-on-metal hip implants, a new study shows. This solid layer, produced
For more than 50 years, doctors have used the drug Amphotericin B (AmB) to treat systemic fungal infections. In a new study, researchers revealed a
NIH scientists have identified a genetic mutation that causes cold temperatures to trigger allergic reactions-a condition called cold urticaria.
If you know something's bad for you, why can't you just stop? About 70% of smokers say they would like to quit. Drug and alcohol
At some point in your life, someone probably told you: "Enjoy every moment. Life is short." Maybe you've smiled and rolled your eyes at this well-intentioned relative or co-worker.
When breast cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes, many doctors believe that removing several more nodes provides better treatment.
A saliva sample from a newborn can be used to quickly and effectively detect cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, a major cause of hearing loss in
Whether it's music, lifestyles, or a refuse-to-age outlook, Baby Boomers think of themselves as trailblazers. Now, that generation born between 1946 and 1964 can claim credit for another "first"-a dramatic increase in knee
Each year, one of every 150 two-year-olds visits an emergency department in the United States for an unintentional medication overdose, most often after finding and eating or drinking medicines
With the winter holidays upon us, you'll likely be surrounded by family, friends and plenty of good food. Many of these foods,
Half of all stillbirths result from pregnancy disorders and conditions that affect the placenta, according to a new report. Risk factors already known
A new study shows that empathy may drive rats to help each other. The finding gives insight into the biological roots of our urge to assist others in
A single dose of an experimental gene therapy boosted production of a missing blood-clotting factor in people with hemophilia, a new study
Children with recurrent wheezing who are in danger of developing asthma fared no better taking daily low doses of inhaled corticosteroid than taking
Researchers have devised a gene transfer technique in mice that, with a single injection, protects the immune cells that HIV targets. With further
Some of the tiniest premature babies are more likely to survive and have less brain injury if their mothers receive prenatal steroids. The finding
Finding a high-quality nursing home for a family member is a daunting task.
A new study found that wood-burning cooking stoves with chimneys lowered exposure to wood smoke from open cooking fires and reduced the rate of severe pneumonia by 30% in children less than 18 months of age.
Researchers have found what appear to be 2 key components of the long-sought-after mechanotransduction channel in the inner ear-the place
Scientists have developed a noninvasive technique that uses light to selectively wipe out cancerous cells in mice without harming surrounding tissue.
Each year, there are nearly 100,000 emergency hospitalizations for adverse drug events in U.S. adults aged 65 years or older, according to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study published today
Physician practices and pharmacies generally view electronic prescribing as an important tool to improve patient safety and save time, but both groups face barriers to realizing the technology's full benefit, according to a study funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
Organ transplant recipients have a high risk of developing 32 different types of cancer, according to a new study. Future research to understand why may
A new study found that high blood pressure and other known risk factors for stroke may also raise the risk of developing cognitive problems. The finding
Anxiety is an uneasy feeling that something may harm you or a loved one. This feeling can be normal and sometimes even helpful. If you're starting a new job
A new study in mice shows how tobacco products could act as gateway drugs, opening the door to use of illicit drugs. Nicotine, the researchers
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is launching a new antibiotic tracking system allowing hospitals to monitor
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) is partnering with Hispanic-serving organizations to promote the Agency's Spanish-language resources and to encourage consumers to become more active partners in their health care.
Two related studies revealed gene activity in the brains of people of different genders and ethnicities, from fetal development to old age.
Women encouraged to move with their families from a poor neighborhood to a more affluent one had lower rates of extreme obesity and diabetes 10 to 15 years later, a new study found.
A large multi-center study reports that annual chest X-ray screening offers no benefits over standard medical care in reducing deaths from lung cancer.
A new study reports that weekly classes of yoga or intensive stretching are equally effective at reducing low back pain and improving back movement.
Rats exposed to an antidepressant just before and after birth had altered behaviors and substantial brain abnormalities. The findings raise questions
Welcome to November-with its shorter days, cooler weather, and, for many, decisions about choosing a health insurance plan for the coming year. Whether you're covered by an employer's plan, by Medicare, or you are self-employed or unemployed, doing homework
Formal training in parenting strategies is a low-risk, effective method for improving behavior in preschool-age children at risk for developing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), while there is less evidence supporting the use of medications for children younger than 6 years old, according to a new report from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
In the time needed to read out loud the headline on this story, someone has died from a stroke. Every 6 seconds, someone in the world dies from stroke. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in
Each year more than one million patients receive cancer treatment in an outpatient oncology clinic. Despite advances in oncology care, infections from both community and health care settings remain a
Scientists have identified a microbe-fighting protein that helps create a buffer zone between the inner walls of the intestines and the bacteria within.
Scientists corrected sickle cell disease in adult laboratory mice by activating production of a special blood protein normally produced only before birth.
A new study found that vitamin E, once thought to reduce the risk of prostate cancer, may actually increase the risk.
Women who take angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors to treat high blood pressure in the first trimester of their pregnancies are at no greater risk of having babies with birth defects than are women who take other types of high blood pressure medication or who take no blood pressure drugs, according to a new
Production of avian flu-fighting antibodies rose significantly when healthy adults were given a DNA "primer" vaccine 6 months before receiving an avian
Physicians often fail to counsel their young adult patients about excessive alcohol use, a new study found.
Even with heart disease and diabetes, Bill Lee didn't see the point in asking questions about his medical care. After all, his doctors had the expertise, not him. And if the medicines they prescribed for his conditions didn't make him feel better, what could he do?
A genetic variant may explain why some people with asthma don't respond well to inhaled corticosteroids, the most widely prescribed medicine for
In a new study, a widely used herbal dietary supplement called saw palmetto was no better than placebo in reducing urinary problems caused by prostate enlargement.
A small clinical trial has found that daily doses of an insulin nasal spray can slow memory loss and preserve thinking skills in people with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease.
Kids face a lot of challenges as they grow up: Learning how to make and keep friends, get homework done and have fun while staying
There is little evidence to support the use of atypical antipsychotic drugs for some treatments other than their officially approved purposes, even though many clinicians continue to commonly prescribe these drugs for so-called "off label"
In one of the largest genomic studies ever, an international research consortium identified 29 genetic variations that influence blood pressure.
Why can some people make it through difficult times with little trouble while others crumble under the same circumstances? A new study suggests
Medications known as disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, or DMARDs, appear to be more effective than other treatments for children with arthritis, but there is not enough evidence to support one kind of DMARD over another, according to a new report from HHS' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
New plain-language publications from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) compare the benefits and risks of treatments for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a digestive condition that affects millions of Americans and can be treated with medications or surgery.
Glioma, one of the most deadly and common types of brain tumor, is often associated with seizures, but the origins of these seizures and effective
A new analysis has found that a combination of 5 healthy lifestyle factors may help reduce the chance of developing type 2 diabetes, even if family
Researchers have created a mathematical model-along with an accompanying online weight simulation tool-of what happens when people
Adolescence can be a bewildering time-for both teens and their parents. Yet it can also be thrilling to watch kids grow and
A baby's birth is usually a time of joy and celebration. For parents, though, the delight might be tempered with worries about the baby's safety, family finances and
Current cigarette smokers have a higher risk of bladder cancer than previously reported, according to new research. The study also found that
As individuals, we want choices that reflect who we are and what's right for our situation. Getting the right health care is no different.
Tinnitus is commonly described as a ringing in the ears, but some people also hear it as a roaring, clicking, hissing or buzzing. It may be soft or loud, and it might
Scientists have identified the faulty gene responsible for Proteus syndrome, a rare disorder marked by uncontrolled growth of certain body
Among the treatments for obstructive sleep apnea, the effectiveness of a nighttime-breathing machine called a "CPAP" was backed by the strongest evidence, and a mouthpiece worn at night was also shown to be effective, according to a new report funded by HHS' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
A free, illustrated easy-to-read pamphlet that compares drugs for preventing heart attacks, heart failure or strokes in people with stable coronary heart disease is one of six new Spanish-language publications from HHS' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality that help patients compare treatments for common illnesses.
Many of us would love to believe that chocolate is a health food. Maybe you've heard or read about its potential benefits. Eating chocolate may have
Serotonin-producing cells in the mouse brain play an essential role in maintaining a healthy balance in body temperature and breathing. The
Placebo treatment may make asthma patients feel better but not actually lessen disease, according to a new study. The finding helps clarify the
By 2030, almost a half million Americans may be diagnosed with obesity-related cancers annually.
A recent study suggests the type of meat a man consumes may influence his sperm's ability to fertilize an egg.
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