Doctor Profile

Theodore H. Schwartz

Theodore Schwartz

Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian
525 E 68th Street, Suite 651
New York, NY 10065

New York

New York (NY)

Contact Contact Theodore H. Schwartz
T: 212-746-5620
F: 646-962-0118

Neurological Surgery; Otolaryngology

Neurological Surgery



Dr. Theodore H. Schwartz is among the nation’s leading neurological surgeons specializing in brain tumor and epilepsy surgery. He has been named to the lists of New York’s Best Doctors in New York magazine, America’s Top Surgeons, America’s Best Doctors, and America’s Best Doctors for Cancer. His research has been widely published and he has received numerous national awards. Dr. Schwartz has also appeared in the media on ABC, NBC, CBS, and Larry King, in addition to national radio shows. He is particularly known for advancing the use of state-of-the-art intraoperative technology, such as minimally invasive endoscopy, brain mapping, and intraoperative imaging. At Weill Cornell, he is Director of the Center for Epilepsy and Pituitary Surgery and Co-Director of Surgical Neuro-oncology. Dr. Schwartz was recently named David and Ursel Barnes Professor in Minimally Invasive Surgery, the first endowed professorship in the department.

Dr. Schwartz received both his undergraduate and medical degrees from Harvard University, where he graduated magna cum laude. Following completion of his residency and chief residency at The Neurological Institute of New York at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, Dr. Schwartz received further training in surgical treatment of brain tumors and epilepsy at Yale-New Haven Medical Center, as well as further research training at the Max Planck Institute in Germany. Dr. Schwartz is board-certified in Neurological Surgery.

Dr. Schwartz’s NIH-funded laboratory has pioneered new techniques in brain mapping using optical recording technology. He is also involved in several clinical trials for treating brain tumors using vaccines, radiolabelled antibodies, and implanted devices for administering chemotherapy.

Dr. Schwartz has received numerous awards for his innovative work from notable institutions such as the NIH, the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, the CURE Foundation, the Wellcome Trust, and the DANA Foundation. He was the recipient of the prestigious Van Wagenen and Von Humboldt Fellowships. He frequently lectures around the world and was an honored guest lecturer at the Society for British Neurosurgery in Scotland, the Mexican Neurosurgery Congress, the First Workshop on Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery in Shanghai, the World Congress for Endoscopic Surgery of the Brain in Vienna, and the Bombay Neurological Society in India. He has been awarded the Synthese skull base award for developing novel minimal-access approaches to skull base and pituitary tumors. He is the co-author of two books on endoscopic skull base surgery and endoscopic pituitary surgery.

Published In:

New York Super Doctors 2018
New York Super Doctors 2017
New York Super Doctors 2016
New York Super Doctors 2015
New York Super Doctors 2014
New York Super Doctors 2012
New York Super Doctors 2011
New York Super Doctors 2010
New York Super Doctors 2009
New York Super Doctors 2008

About Theodore Schwartz

Medical School: Harvard Medical School

Graduation Year: 1993

Professional Webpage:

Honors and Awards:

John Harvard Scholarship for Academic Achievement, 1985-87
Hoopes Prize for Senior Thesis– Harvard College, 1987
Magna Cum Laude – Harvard College, 1987
Harvard Medical Student Research Fellowship, 1991
Magna Cum Laude – Harvard Medical School, 1993
Central Neuropsychiatric Association Resident Award, Honorable Mention 1996
Academy Award, The American Academy of Neurological Surgeons, Honorable Mention, 1997
Junior Investigator Award, American Epilepsy Society, 1997
Epilepsy Foundation Research/Clinical Training Fellowship, 1999
Alexander Von Humboldt Fellowship, 1999
William P. Van Wagenan Fellowship, 2000
German Academic Exchange (DAAD) Award, 2000
Academy Award, The American Academy of Neurological Surgeons, Honor. Mention, 2000
Junior Investigator Award, Epilepsy Foundation of America, 2001-02
Young Clinician Investigators Award, NREF, AANS, 2001-02
The Goldenberg Lectureship, St. Francis Hospital, W. Hartford, CT, 2002
NINDS K08 (NS 43799), 2002-07
The Dana Foundation Program in Clinical Imaging Award, 2002-05
NINDS R21 (NS 42325), 2002-05
NINDS R01 (NS 94822), 2004-08
NIH Study Section (NCRR GCRC Site visit), 2005
NIH Study Section (NSD C), 2005-06
NINDS Research Supplement for Minorities – Preceptor, 2005-06
Post-doctoral Research Fellowship, EFA – Preceptor, 2006-07
MHHC Foundation Health Leadership Award, 2006
Synthes Skull Base Award, CNS, 2006
NINDS NSD-C Permanent Member, 2006-2010
Univ. of Pitt. Neurosurgery Chairman Interview, 2007
NIBIB Study Section 06-003 RFA, 2007
NINDS, study section ZNS1 SRB-B, 2008
Visiting Professor, UCLA, 2008
George Ehni Lectureship, Visiting Professor, Baylor School of Medicine, 2008
Faculty of 1000 Biology, PNAS paper, 2008
New York Superdoctors, 2008-present
Faculty of 1000 Medicine, Epilepsia Paper, 2008
Visiting Professor, Stanford University, 2008
NINDS, study section ZNS1 SRB-S, 2008
Top Doctors, New York Metro Area, Castle Connolly, 2008-present
America’s Top Surgeons, Castle Connelly, 2008-present
Top Doctors, New York Magazine, 2009-present
NINDS study section, ZNS-1 SRB-B 12, 2009
Visiting Professor, UCSD, 2009
The Global Directory of Who’s Who (Top Doctors), 2009-present
America’s Top Doctors for Cancer, Castle Connelly, 2010-present
NIH Study Section ZRG1 ETTN-B, 2010
President, Medical Strollers, 2010
Visiting Professor, St. Catherine’s College, Oxford, England, 2010
Visiting Professor, MGH, Harvard, 2010
Visiting Professor, U. Rochester, 2010
Wellcome Trust Grant, 2010
CTSC GRANT UL1-RR024996, 2010
American Academy of Neurological Surgery, 2010
Visiting Professor, Johns Hopkins, 2010
Visiting Professor, Bombay Neurological Association, India, 2011
Visiting Lecturer, Dr. Balabhatic Nanavati Hospital, Mumbai, India, 2011
Distinguished Skull Base Professor, University of Pennsylvania, 2011
Visiting Professor, Dept of Neurobiology, Barrow Neurological Institute, 2011
Visiting Professor, Dept of Neurosurgery, Jefferson Med Cntr, 2011
Visiting Professor, Dept of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan, 2011
Honored Guest, Mexican Neurosurgical Congress, 2011
Visiting Professor, Dept. of Psychology, University of Sheffield, England, 2011
NSADA K21 (Mentor), 2012
Kingswood-Oxford Stroud Science Symposium Lecture, 2012
Visiting Professor, Dept. of Neurosurgery, North Shore-LIJ, 2012
Honored Guest, 1st International Forum on Skull base Trauma and Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery and 1st Workshop on Endoscopic Skull base Surgery and 12th Workshop on Latest Neurosurgical Advancements, Neurosurgical Department of Changzheng Hospital, Shanghai, China, 2012
Visiting Professor, Dept of Neurosurgery, Yale-New Haven Medical Center, 2012
International Faculty, 5th World Congress for Endoscopic Surgery of the Brain, 2012
Skull Base and Spine, Vienna, Austria, 2012
Honored Guest, Society for British Neurosurgeons, Aberdeeen, Scotland, 2012
Voices Against Brain Cancer Honoree, 2012
NINDS R21 (NS 078644), 2013-15
Visiting Professor, Dept. of Neurosurgery, Lennox Hill, 2013
Honored Guest, NUHS Dept. of Neurosurgery, Singapore, 2013
Plenary Lecture, Rhinology Meeting, Sao Paolo, Brazil, 2013
Plenary Lecture, International League against Epilepsy Meeting, Montreal, 2013
Plenary Lecture, Mexican Neurosurgical Congress, 2013
Honored Guest Lecturer, 1st Dandy Division of Skull Base Surgery, 2013
Visiting Professor, Dept. of Neurosurgery, Stanford University, 2013
Gentle Giant Award, Pituitary Network Association, 2013
Editorial Board, Journal of Neurosurgery, 2013
Honored Guest Lecturer, Methodist Hospital, 2013
Visiting Professor, Tel Aviv University, Israel, 2014
Board of Trustees, The Dalton School, 2014
Visiting Professor, University of Maryland, 2014
Honored Guest Lecturer, Oncology Symposium, Cartagena, Columbia, 2014
David and Ursel Barnes Endowed Professor of Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery, 2014
International Faculty, 6th World Congress for Endoscopic Surgery of the Brain, 2014
Skull Base and Spine, Milan, Italy
Invited Faculty, George Ojemann Symposium, 2014
Invited Faculty, European Association of Neurosurgical Societies Meeting, Prague, 2014
Keynote Speaker, 28th Epilepsy Society of Australia Meeting, 2014
Best Poster, 5th London-Innsbruck Colloquium on Acute Seizures, 2015
Keynote Speaker, 4th Symposium on Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery, Kocaeli, Turkey, 2015
Honored Guest Speaker, 2nd International Congress of Neurosurgery, Ain Shams, Cairo, Egypt, 2016
Scientific Director, EndoChicago, 2016
Advisory Board, Acta Neurochirurgica, 2016
Honored Guest, International Congress of the Hypophysis, Mexico City 2016
Visiting Professor, INOVA, Fairfax, Virginia 2016
K 12 (NRDCP) Study Section 2016
Honored Guest, Saudi Arabia Neurosurgical Society 2017
Honored Guest Lecture, 20 Years of Neuroendoscopy, Naples, Italy 2017
Honored Guest, Spanish Skull Base Society, Valencia, Spain 2017

Publications, Lectures and Presentations:

Dr. Schwartz is a widely published author; this is a partial list of his most recent publications. See for a complete listing.

Reduction in focal ictal activity following transplantation of MGE interneurons requires expression of the GABAA receptor α4 subunit. Jaiswal MK, Keros S, Zhao M, Inan M, Schwartz TH, Anderson SA, Homanics GE, Goldstein PA. Front Cell Neurosci. 2015 Apr 9;9:127. doi: 10.3389/fncel.2015.00127. eCollection 2015. PMID: 25914623

Long-term quality of life after endonasal endoscopic resection of adult craniopharyngiomas. Patel KS, Raza SM, McCoul ED, Patrona A, Greenfield JP, Souweidane MM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. J Neurosurg. 2015 Apr 17:1-10. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25884258

The rhinopalatine line as a reliable predictor of the inferior extent of endonasal odontoidectomies. La Corte E, Aldana PR, Ferroli P, Greenfield JP, Härtl R, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14777. PMID: 25828492

Editorial: Does chiasmatic blood supply dictate endonasal corridors? Schwartz TH. J Neurosurg. 2015 May;122(5):1163-5. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.JNS141129. Epub 2015 Feb 27. No abstract available. PMID: 25723298

Optical triggered seizures using a caged 4-Aminopyridine. Zhao M, McGarry LM, Ma H, Harris S, Berwick J, Yuste R, Schwartz TH. Front Neurosci. 2015 Feb 4;9:25. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2015.00025. eCollection 2015. PMID: 25698919  

Parasellar xanthogranulomas. Rahmani R, Sukumaran M, Donaldson AM, Akselrod O, Lavi E, Schwartz TH. J Neurosurg. 2015 Apr;122(4):812-7. doi: 10.3171/2014.12.JNS14542. Epub 2015 Jan 23. PMID: 25614942

Endoscopic endonasal resection of skull base chondrosarcomas: technique and early results. Moussazadeh N, Kulwin C, Anand VK, Ting JY, Gamss C, Iorgulescu JB, Tsiouris AJ, Cohen-Gadol AA, Schwartz TH. J Neurosurg. 2015 Apr;122(4):735-42. doi: 10.3171/2014.11.JNS14827. Epub 2015 Jan 16. PMID: 25594323

Endoscopic endonasal posterior clinoidectomy. Silva D, Attia M, Schwartz TH. J Neurosurg. 2015 Feb;122(2):478-9. doi: 10.3171/2014.8.JNS141783. Epub 2014 Dec 19. No abstract available. PMID: 25526266

Wide-field in vivo neocortical calcium dye imaging using a convection-enhanced loading technique combined with simultaneous multiwavelength imaging of voltage-sensitive dyes and hemodynamic signals. Ma H, Harris S, Rahmani R, Lacefield CO, Zhao M, Daniel AG, Zhou Z, Bruno RM, Berwick J,Schwartz TH. Neurophotonics. 2014 Jul 24;1(1):015003. PMID: 25525611

The endoscopic endonasal approach to repair of iatrogenic and noniatrogenic cerebrospinal fluid leaks and encephaloceles of the anterior cranial fossa. Bedrosian JC, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. World Neurosurg. 2014 Dec;82(6 Suppl):S86-94. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2014.07.018. Review. PMID: 25496641

Endoscopic endonasal resection of skull base meningiomas: the significance of a "cortical cuff" and brain edema compared with careful case selection and surgical experience in predicting morbidity and extent of resection. Khan OH, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Oct;37(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14321. PMID: 25465040

Diffusion of Neuroendoscopy: Guided by the Light. Zacharia BE, Schwartz TH. World Neurosurg. 2014 Oct 16. pii: S1878-8750(14)01004-3. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2014.10.010. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available. PMID: 25463423

Should endoscopic endonasal surgery be used in the treatment of olfactory groove meningiomas? Schwartz TH. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Oct;37(4):E9. No abstract available. PMID: 25391164

Intraoperative stereotactic injection of Indigo Carmine dye to mark ill-defined tumor margins: a prospective phase I-II study. Margetis K, Rajappa P, Tsiouris AJ, Greenfield JP, Schwartz TH. J Neurosurg. 2015 Jan;122(1):40-8. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.JNS14113.

The endoscopic endonasal approach to the odontoid and its impact on early extubation and feeding. Goldschlager T, Härtl R, Greenfield JP, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. J Neurosurg. 2015 Mar;122(3):511-8. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.JNS14733. Epub 2014 Oct 31.

Introduction: Endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery.Cappabianca P, Schwartz TH, Jane JA Jr, M D, Zada G. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Oct;37(4):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14459. 

Surgical management of trigeminal schwannomas: defining the role for endoscopic endonasal approaches. Raza SM, Donaldson AM, Mehta A, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14341. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5). doi:10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14341a.

Endoscopic extended transsphenoidal resection of craniopharyngiomas: nuances of neurosurgical technique. Conger AR, Lucas J, Zada G, Schwartz TH, Cohen-Gadol AA. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Oct;37(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14364.

Intraoperative ElectroCorticoGraphy (ECog): indications, techniques, and utility in epilepsy surgery. Yang T, Hakimian S, Schwartz TH. Epileptic Disord. 2014 Sep;16(3):271-9. doi: 10.1684/epd.2014.0675.

Contralateral dissociation between neural activity and cerebral blood volume during recurrent acute focal neocortical seizures. Harris S, Boorman L, Bruyns-Haylett M, Kennerley A, Ma H, Zhao M, Overton PG, Schwartz TH, Berwick J. Epilepsia. 2014 Sep;55(9):1423-30. doi: 10.1111/epi.12726. Epub 2014 Jul 22.

Utility of early postoperative high-resolution volumetric magnetic resonance imaging after transsphenoidal pituitary tumor surgery. Patel KS, Kazam J, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. World Neurosurg. 2014 Nov;82(5):777-80. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2014.07.014. Epub 2014 Jul 18.

Open vs endoscopic: when to use which. Sekhar L, Mantovani A, Mortazavi M, Schwartz TH, Couldwell WT. Neurosurgery. 2014 Aug;61 Suppl 1:84-92. doi: 10.1227/NEU.0000000000000378. 

Multi-layer reconstruction during endoscopic endonasal surgery: how much is necessary? Raza SM, Schwartz TH. World Neurosurg. 2015 Feb;83(2):138-9. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2014.07.004. Epub 2014 Jul 5. No abstract available.

Pneumocephalus patterns following endonasal endoscopic skull base surgery as predictors of postoperative CSF leaks. Banu MA, Szentirmai O, Mascarenhas L, Salek AA, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. J Neurosurg. 2014 Oct;121(4):961-75. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.JNS132028. Epub 2014 Jul 4.

Prophylactic plastic surgery closure of neurosurgical scalp incisions reduces the incidence of wound complications in previously-operated patients treated with bevacizumab (Avastin®) and radiation. Golas AR, Boyko T, Schwartz TH, Stieg PE, Boockvar JA, Spector JA. J Neurooncol. 2014 Sep;119(2):327-31. doi: 10.1007/s11060-014-1482-6. Epub 2014 May 29. 

Corridor-based endonasal endoscopic surgery for pediatric skull base pathology with detailed radioanatomic measurements. Banu MA, Rathman A, Patel KS, Souweidane MM, Anand VK, Greenfield JP, Schwartz TH. Neurosurgery. 2014 Jun;10 Suppl 2:273-93; discussion 293. doi: 10.1227/NEU.0000000000000252.

Phase I/II study of resection and intraoperative cesium-131 radioisotope brachytherapy in patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases. Wernicke AG, Yondorf MZ, Peng L, Trichter S, Nedialkova L, Sabbas A, Kulidzhanov F, Parashar B, Nori D, Clifford Chao KS, Christos P, Kovanlikaya I, Pannullo S, Boockvar JA, Stieg PE, Schwartz TH. J Neurosurg. 2014 Aug;121(2):338-48. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.JNS131140. Epub 2014 May 2.

Coupling between gamma-band power and cerebral blood volume during recurrent acute neocortical seizures. Harris S, Ma H, Zhao M, Boorman L, Zheng Y, Kennerley A, Bruyns-Haylett M, Overton PG, Berwick J, Schwartz TH. Neuroimage. 2014 Aug 15;97:62-70. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.04.014. Epub 2014 Apr 13.

Dynamical criticality during induction of anesthesia in human ECoG recordings. Alonso LM, Proekt A, Schwartz TH, Pryor KO, Cecchi GA, Magnasco MO. Front Neural Circuits. 2014 Mar 25;8:20. doi: 10.3389/fncir.2014.00020. eCollection 2014.

Endoscopic endonasal resection of suprasellar meningiomas: the importance of case selection and experience in determining extent of resection, visual improvement, and complications. Ottenhausen M, Banu MA, Placantonakis DG, Tsiouris AJ, Khan OH, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. World Neurosurg. 2014 Sep-Oct;82(3-4):442-9. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2014.03.032. Epub 2014 Mar 20.

How to achieve the best possible outcomes in the management of retroinfundibular craniopharyngiomas? Raza SM, Schwartz TH. World Neurosurg. 2014 Nov;82(5):614-6. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2014.03.029. Epub 2014 Mar 17. No abstract available.

The shifting economic demands in health care: what is a pituitary surgeon to do? Schwartz TH. World Neurosurg. 2015 Jan;83(1):27-8. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2014.03.003. Epub 2014 Mar 5. No abstract available.

Evolution of cranial epilepsy surgery complication rates: a 32-year systematic review and meta-analysis. Tebo CC, Evins AI, Christos PJ, Kwon J, Schwartz TH. J Neurosurg. 2014 Jun;120(6):1415-27. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.JNS131694. Epub 2014 Feb 21. Review.

Cranial neuropathy due to intradural disc herniation. Rapoport BI, Hartl R, Schwartz TH. Neurosurgery. 2014 May;74(5):E561-5. doi: 10.1227/NEU.0000000000000315. 

Betadine irrigation and post-craniotomy wound infection. Patel KS, Goldenberg B, Schwartz TH. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2014 Mar;118:49-52. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2013.12.015. Epub 2014 Jan 7.

Surgical outcomes using a medial-to-lateral endonasal endoscopic approach to pituitary adenomas invading the cavernous sinus. Woodworth GF, Patel KS, Shin B, Burkhardt JK, Tsiouris AJ, McCoul ED, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. J Neurosurg. 2014 May;120(5):1086-94. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.JNS131228. Epub 2014 Feb 14.

Nanoscale intracortical iron injection induces chronic epilepsy in rodent. Jo A, Heo C, Schwartz TH, Suh M. J Neurosci Res. 2014 Mar;92(3):389-97. doi: 10.1002/jnr.23328. Epub 2013 Dec 21.

Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging and pituitary surgery. Schwartz TH. J Neurosurg. 2014 Feb;120(2):342-3. doi: 10.3171/2013.7.JNS13956. Epub 2013 Dec 13. 

Low-dose intrathecal fluorescein and etiology-based graft choice in endoscopic endonasal closure of CSF leaks. Banu MA, Kim JH, Shin BJ, Woodworth GF, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2014 Jan;116:28-34. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2013.11.006. Epub 2013 Nov 16.

Impact of skull base development on endonasal endoscopic surgical corridors. Banu MA, Guerrero-Maldonado A, McCrea HJ, Garcia-Navarro V, Souweidane MM, Anand VK, Heier L, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2014 Feb;13(2):155-69. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.PEDS13303. Epub 2013 Dec 6.

Endoscopic extended transsphenoidal resection of tuberculum sellae meningiomas: nuances of neurosurgical technique. Kulwin C, Schwartz TH, Cohen-Gadol AA. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13338. Review.

Propagating neocortical gamma bursts are coordinated by traveling alpha waves.

Bahramisharif A, van Gerven MA, Aarnoutse EJ, Mercier MR, Schwartz TH, Foxe JJ, Ramsey NF, Jensen O. J Neurosci. 2013 Nov 27;33(48):18849-54. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2455-13.2013.

Endoscopic endonasal access to the jugular foramen: defining the surgical approach. Lee DL, McCoul ED, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2012 Oct;73(5):342-51. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1322796.

The endoscope and the giant macroadenoma: a match made in heaven. Schwartz TH. World Neurosurg. 2014 Jul-Aug;82(1-2):e119-20. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2013.09.001. Epub 2013 Sep 10. No abstract available.

Effects of responsive electrical brain stimulation on intracranial electroencephalogram spikes. Labar D, Dakov P, Kobylarz E, Nikolov B, Schwartz TH, Fisher S. Neuromodulation. 2013 Jul-Aug;16(4):355-61; discussion 362. doi: 10.1111/ner.12039.

Stereotactic radiosurgery plays a critical role in enhancing long-term survival in a patient with pancreatic cancer metastatic to the brain.

Rajappa P, Margetis K, Wernicke G, Ginter P, Cope W, Sherr DL, Lavi E, Fine RL, Schwartz TH, Bruckner H, Pannullo SC. Anticancer Res. 2013 Sep;33(9):3899-903.

Endoscopic endonasal transclival approach to a ventral pontine pediatric ependymoma. Rajappa P, Margetis K, Sigounas D, Anand V, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013 Nov;12(5):465-8. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.PEDS12183. Epub 2013 Aug 30.

Endoscopic-assisted 5-aminolevulinic acid imaging. Schwartz TH. World Neurosurg. 2014 Jul-Aug;82(1-2):e117-8. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2013.07.110. Epub 2013 Aug 3. No abstract available.

The effects of focal epileptic activity on regional sensory-evoked neurovascular coupling and postictal modulation of bilateral sensory processing. Harris S, Bruyns-Haylett M, Kennerley A, Boorman L, Overton PG, Ma H, Zhao M, Schwartz TH, Berwick J. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2013 Oct;33(10):1595-604. doi: 10.1038/jcbfm.2013.115. Epub 2013 Jul 17.

Ma H, Schwartz TH. Dynamic neurovascular coupling and uncoupling during ictal onset, propagation and termination revealed by simultaneous in vivo optical imaging of neural activity and local blood volume. Cerebral Cortex 23;4:889-95, 2013

Silva D, Attia M, Kandasamy J, Alimi M, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal posterior clinoidectomy. A technical note. Surg. Neurol Internatl. (in press).

McCrea HJ, Knopman J, Engel M, Riina H, Souweidane M, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP. Concurrent anatomic hemispherectomy and thalamic artriovenous malformation resection. Childs Nerv Syst. 28(8):1273-7, 2012.

Dias L, Gebhard H Mtui EP, Anand V, Schwartz TH. The use of a ultraportable , "USB" endoscope for  education and training in neuroendoscopy. World Neurosurgery 79(2):337-40, 2013.

Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal versus open repair of anterior skull base CSF leak, meningocele and encephalocele. A systematic review of outcomes. Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A. Central European Neurosurgery 74(4):239-50, 2013.

McCoul ED, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Long-term effectiveness of a reconstruction protocol using the nasoseptal flap after endoscopic skull base surgery. World Neurosurgery (in press).

Silva D, Attia M, Kandasamy J, Alimi M, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. The endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal “above and below” approach to the retroinfundibular area and interpeduncular cistern – cadaveric study and case illustrations.  World Neurosurgery (in press).

Lancman G, Virk M, Shao H, Madhu M, Greenfield GP, Weinstein S, Schwartz TH. Vagal nerve stimulation versus corpus callosotomy in the treatment of Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome: a meta-analysis. Seizure 22(1):3-8, 2013.

160.     Attia M, Patel KS, Kandasamy J, Steig PE, Spinelli HM, Riina HA, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Combined cranionasal surgery for spheno-orbital meningiomas invading the paranasal sinuses, pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossa. World Neurosurgery (epub ahead of print).

Bedrosian JC, Raithatha R, McCoul ED, Akselrod O, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. A prospective study of post-operative symptoms in sinonasal quality-of-life following endoscopic skull base surgery: dissociations based on specific symptoms.  Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 3(8):664-9, 2013.

Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DMS, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal versus open craniofacial resection of esthesioneuroblastoma World Neurosurgery (in press).    

 Labar D, Dakov P, Kobylarz E, Nikolov B, Schwartz TH. Effects of responsive electrical brain stimulation on intracranial electroencephalogram spikes. Neuromodulation 6;4:355-62, 2013.

 Patel KS, Zhao M, Ma H, Schwartz TH. Imaging pre-ictal hemodynamic changes in neocortical epilepsy. Neurosurgical Focus 34;4:E10, 2013.

  Hersh EA, Virk MV, Shao H,  Tsouris AJ, Bonci GA, Schwartz TH. Bone flap explantation , steroid use and rates of infection during craniotomy for implantation of sudural eledtrodes for epilepsy. J. Neurosurgery 119(1):48-53, 2013.

  Patel KS, Moussazadeh N, Doyle WK, Labar DR, Schwartz TH. Efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation in brain tumor-associated intractable epilepsy and the importance of tumor stability. J. Neurosurgery 119(2):520-5, 2013.

Mascarenhas L, Moshel YA, Szentermai O, Salek AA, Leng LZ, Hofstetter CP, Placantonakis DG, Tsouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. The transplanum transtuberculum approaches for supr asellar and sellar-suprasellar lesions. Avoidance of CSF leak and lessons learned. World Neurosurgery. (in press).

168.     Patel KS, Komotar R, Szentirmai O, Moussazadeh N, Raper DM, Starke RM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Case-specific protocol to reduce CSF leakage after endonasal endoscopic surgery. J. Neurosurgery (in press).

 Rajappa P, Margetis K, Sigounas D, Anand VK, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JG. Case report: endoscopic endonasal trans-clival approach to a ventral pontine pediatric ependymoma. J. Neurosurgery Peds (in press).

Mercier MR, Foxe JJ, Fiebelkorn IC, Butler JS, Schwartz TH, Molholm S. Auditory driven phase reset in human visual cortices: a mechanism for early multisensory integration. NeuroImage 79:19-29, 2013.

 Patel KS, Labar DR , Gordon CM, Hassnain KH , Schwartz TH. Efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation as a treatment for medically intractable epilepsy in brain tumor patients. A case-controlled study using the VNS therapy Patient Outcome Registry. Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy (in press).

172.     Mulholm S, Mercier MR, Liebenthal E, Schwartz TH, Ritter W, Foxe JJ, De Sanctis P. Mapping phonemic processing zones along human perisylvian cortex: an electro-corticographic investigation. Brain Structure and Function (in press).

Harris S, Bruyns-Haylett M, Kennerley A, Boorman L, Overton P, Ma H, Zhao M, Schwartz TH, Berwick J. The effects of focal epileptic activity on regional sensory-evoked neurovascular coupling and post-ictal modulation of bilateral sensory processing. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism (in press).

Jakimovski D, Attia M, Bonci G, Hofstetter C, Tsouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Incidence and significance of intraoperative CSF leak in endoscopic pituitary surgery using intrathecal fluorescein. World Neurosurgey (in press).

Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DMS, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endonasal versus transoral odontoid resection: systematic meta-analysis of outcomes.  Innovative Neurosurgery 1;1:37-47, 2013.        

 Kulwin C, Schwartz TH, Cohen-Gadol AA. Endoscopic extended transsphenoidal resection of tuberculum sella meningiomas: nuances of neurosurgical technique . Neurosurgery Focus (in press).

 Khan OH, Raithatha R, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Choosing the best approach in 3D  endoscopic skull base surgery. Otolaryngologia 63;137-143, 2013.

178.     Rajappa P, Margetis K, Wernicke G, Ginter P, Cope W, Sherr DL, Lavi E, Fine RL, Schwartz TH, Bruckner H, Pannullo SC. Stereotactic radiosurgery plays a critical role in enhancing long-term survival in a patient with pancreatic cancer metastatic to the brain. Anticancer Res. 33(9):3899-903, 2013.

 Banu MA, Shin BJ, Kim JH, Woodworth GF, Bedrosian JC, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Role of intrathecal fluorescein in endoscopic endonasal closure of skull base cerebrospinal fluid leaks. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery (in press).

Banu MA, Rathman A, Souweidane MM, Anand VK, Greenfield JP, Schwartz TH. Corridor-based endonasal endoscopic skull base surgery for pediatric skull base surgery with detailed radioanatomic measurements. Operative Neurosurgery (in press).

Banu MA, Guerrero A, Rathman A, Souweidane MM,  Anand VK, Heier L, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP. MRI-based assessment of pediatric skull base anatomy for endonasal endoscopic surgery. Journal of Neuosurgery Pediatrics (in press).


Welcome to a new world of minimally invasive surgery for pituitary tumors, where specially trained neurosurgeons can use a patient's nasal cavities to gain access to tumors and remove them without making a single incision. This video celebrates Dr. Theodore Schwartz on the occasion of his being named the winner of the 2013 Gentle Giant Award from the Pituitary Network Association (PNA).

Endoscopic Pituitary Surgery at the Weill Cornell Brain & Spine Center , 2013

Educational Background:

Harvard College 1987

Harvard Medical School 1993

Columbia Presbyterian Neurosurgery Resdiency 1999

Yale-New Haven Fellowship in Brain Tumors and Epilepsy 2000

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